The Little Mermaid [Hans Christian Andersen] on echecs16.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Far out in the ocean, where the water is as blue as the. The Little Mermaid. by. Hans Christian Andersen. (). F AR out in the ocean, where the water is as blue as the prettiest cornflower, and as clear as crystal. The Little Mermaid book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Once there was a little mermaid who fell in love with a human b.
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"The Little Mermaid" (Danish: Den lille havfrue) is a fairy tale written by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen. .. Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. they certainly didn't think there might be a lovely little mermaid standing below them Hans Christian Andersen Centre at the University of Southern Denmark. This item:The Little Mermaid by Hans Christian Anderson Hardcover $ .. An Illustrated Treasury of Hans Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales: The Little.
Den lille havfrue is a fairy tale written by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen. The story follows the journey of a young mermaid who is willing to give up her life in the sea and her identity as a mermaid to gain a human soul. The tale was first published in as part of a collection of fairy tales for children. These analyses cover various aspects of the story from interpreting the themes to discussing why Andersen chose to write a tragic story with a happy ending. It has been adapted to various media, including musical theatre , anime and a Disney animated film. There is also a statue portraying the mermaid in Copenhagen , Denmark, where the story was written and first published. The Little Mermaid lives in an underwater kingdom with her widowed father the sea king or Mer-King , her dowager grandmother, and her five older sisters, each of whom had been born one year apart.
But when the little mermaid recovers, she will still be beautiful and have two "pretty legs". She will also be able to dance more gracefully than any human has ever danced before. But every step she takes will feel as if she is walking on sharp knives. The conditions pile on. The Sea Witch warns that once the little mermaid becomes human, she will never be able to return to the sea.
If the prince does not fall in love with her, and marries someone else instead, then the little mermaid will die the next day. At dawn on the first day after he does so, the little mermaid will die of a broken heart and dissolve into sea foam upon the waves.
And, just to finally seal the bargain, the witch will cut out the little mermaid's tongue as payment.
The little mermaid remains undeterred by all these terrible conditions. After she agrees to the arrangement, the little mermaid swims to the shore, near the prince's palace, and drinks the potion, fainting with the agonising pain. But when she comes to, she sees that she now has a pair of what to her, look very strange human legs, instead of her beautiful tail.
The handsome prince discovers her, and says that she reminds him of the girl who he assumes had saved him - the girl from the white building who happened to be there when he woke up.
Of course, the little mermaid has no voice, so cannot tell him the truth. Although the prince admires the little mermaid enormously and is fascinated by her beauty and grace, he does not fall in love with her.
He likes to see her dance, and she dances for him even though her feet bleed and she suffers excruciating pain with every step. The prince is kind to the little mermaid, and has a boy's velvet suit made for her, so that he can take her everywhere with him on horseback.
Soon, the prince's parents decide it is time for their son to marry, and encourage him to marry a princess from a neighbouring kingdom. The prince confides in the little mermaid that he is sure he will do no such thing. But when the prince meets the princess, in true fairytale fashion, she turns out to be the girl from the white building who found him on the beach - and hence the girl he believes saved his life.
The prince unknowingly shares his joy in this with the heartbroken little mermaid, who still cannot convey the true story. He declares his love for the princess, and the royal wedding is announced at once. The little mermaid has no choice but to help with all the preparations, and even carry the bride's train up the aisle. After the wedding, the prince and princess celebrate on a wedding ship, and the little mermaid realises that she has lost everything, and will now die very soon, in a matter of hours.
But unbeknownst to her, her sisters have a plan. They swim up to her, looking very different. The sisters have made a bargain with the Sea Witch. She demanded that they cut off all their long, beautiful hair in exchange for a special knife.
The Sea Witch has promised that if the little mermaid plunges this knife into the prince's chest and kills him, then when his blood drips on her feet, her legs will turn back into a tail. If the little mermaid does this, and also lets the prince die, she will become a mermaid once more, all her suffering will end, and she will live out her full life in the ocean with her family as before. The little mermaid watches the prince as he sleeps, but the only word on his lips is the name of his bride.
She cannot bear to kill him, and just as dawn breaks, the little mermaid tosses the knife into the sea. She follows it by throwing herself in after it, since she fully expects to turn into sea foam.
However, she does not. She feels the warm sun and realises that she still exists, but as an earthbound spirit, a spirit of the air, instead. There are many other daughters of the air around too. They explain to the little mermaid that because she tried with all her heart to obtain an immortal soul, and because of her supreme selflessness and mercy in not killing the prince, she has become one of them instead of turning into sea foam. Additionally she will be given the chance to earn her own soul by doing good deeds for humans for years.
One day she will have earned her immortal soul and will rise up into heaven. And each time she visits the house of a good child, as a spirit of the air that time will be lessened.
It certainly is a heart-breaking love story, and one which fulfils many satisfying features of fairy tales.
The young mermaid is willing to give up her life in the sea - in fact her entire identity as a mermaid - in order to gain a human soul. The working title of the story was "Daughters of the Air". But the final message is unclear, and has been heavily criticised over the years. The little mermaid's eventual earning of an immortal soul depends on the behaviour of human children - whether they are good or bad. If they are good then that takes a year off her years, but bad behaviour makes the spirits of the air weep, and a day is added for every tear they shed.
This was a later revision by Hans Christian Andersen, as shown below, and it seems even more punitive that the first! Travers, in addition to writing the series about "Mary Poppins", was a noted expert on folklore. She wrote, "This final message is more frightening than any other presented in the tale. If you're feeling brave, though, here are nine ways the original gets seriously dark. The original tale has much the same set-up as the Disney film — youngest daughter in a sea-palace run by the king of the mermaids, mildly obsessed with humans — but her royalty is quite literally a pain.
When she comes of age, the mermaid who has no name isn't only allowed to rise to the surface; she has to suffer through eight oysters attaching themselves to her tail. I'd run off to become a human too. The mermaid's many older sisters are actually pretty lovely in the end, but they're dangerous beasts; apparently one of their chief pastimes is singing to sailors about how they shouldn't be afraid of being underwater, because it's such fun. They don't seem to be doing it to be deliberately awful though — we just get the impression they're kind of dumb.
This comes up a lot. Mermaids live to , but once they die, they're gone. Humans get a piddling little span, but Andersen hammers home the fact that they get immortal souls that live forever, and so are clearly superior beings. Half the reason the littlest mermaid wanders off in pursuit of legs is to nab herself a soul, not just the prince. The options available to Andersen's mermaid are pretty scant.
In the film, she has to get true love's kiss or turn back into a mermaid and become Ursula's slave. In the original story, however, she has to convince the prince to marry her — or she'll die. And because of the pesky no-soul thing, she'll be gone forever.
It's a pretty raw deal. No charming transformation for the mermaid from fish to human. Not only is she voiceless, every step on her tootsies causes her agony; the sea-witch describes it as "walking on knives. Who can be seductive when they're silently having their feet stabbed?
Andersen's prince is a condescending nightmare. He lets the mermaid sleep at the foot of his bed no, seriously and calls her his little foundling. He loves her "as he would love a little child," apparently — the creepy vibes are strong with this one — and Andersen even inserts a scene where he tells his dumb little foundling friend all about the wonders beneath the sea, because he knows so much about them.
That is some spectacular mansplaining right there.