A CONCISE REPERTORY OF HOMOEOPATHIC. Rent and save from the world' s largest eBookstore. Phatak repertory ePub download. Com presents largest. Beginner's guide to the concise, handy and the most useful repertory arranged alphabetically. A useful tool for a budding as well as. Concise Materia Medica Of Homoeopathic Medicines pdf epub ebooks download free, download more free pdf, epub ebooks of S. R. Phatak, pdf, epub ebooks free A Concise Repertory of Homeopathic Medicines 1st.
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Results 1 - 16 of 21 A Concise Repertory of Homeopathic Medicines: S. R. Phatak. ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Materia medica of homoeopathic medicines dr s r phatak on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers a brief materia medica derived primarly the peoples. SCOPE OF PHATAK REPERTORY IN CHILDREN RESPIRATORY DISEASES. A Concise Repertory Materia Medica Repertory | Download eBook PDF/EPUB.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract The present study was aimed to investigate the antioxidant activity of Ficus carica stem extract FE in methanol-induced hepatotoxicity in male Wistar rats. The rats were divided into two batches: 16 control rats C drinking tap water and 16 treated rats drinking Ficus carica stem extract for six weeks. Then, each group was divided into two subgroups, and one of them was intraperitoneally injected i. The results showed that FE was found to contain large amounts of polyphenols and carotenoids. FE treatment prior to methanol intoxication has significant role in protecting animals from methanol-induced hepatic oxidative damage.
The relaxant effect was dose dependent with an IC50 value of 0. The observed antispasmodic effect of F. It can be important that the content of polyphenolic compounds of F.
Liver is a major site for metabolism of exogenous chemicals, resulting in the formation of metabolites which may be more or less toxic than the parent compound. The aqueous extract of F. The results of [ 29 ] are similar to those mentioned in our study which demonstrated that the extract of a medicinal plant Oldenlandia umbellata administered orally to rats reversed the altered hepatic serum marker enzymes AST, ALT, and ALP by CCl4 to almost normal.
The rise in serum levels of AST, ALT, and ALP has been attributed to the damaged structural integrity of the liver, because they are cytoplasmic in location and released into circulation after cellular damages [ 30 ].
Lactate dehydrogenase is a well-known marker for cell toxicity. When cells are damaged due to oxidative stress or destroyed due to deficient oxygen or glucose supply, the membrane becomes permeable or may rupture which results in the leakage of this enzyme.
This enzyme enters into the blood stream thus increasing its concentration in the serum [ 32 ].
In the present study, LDH leakage is significantly increased in the serum of rats exposed to methanol. FE extract administration to methanol-treated rats significantly decreased LDH level in serum compared to rats treated with methanol alone. Further, the results of our study showed that coadministration of F. These results agree with the hypothesis that oxidative damage is neutralized when antioxidants are administered before or after the induction of oxidative stress [ 33 ].
Faremi et al. In the present study, methanol caused an increase in LPO level in liver tissues which is an indicator of oxidative stress.
Furthermore, LPO products are measured as index of oxygen free radical. The present result of increased LPO level after methanol exposure indicates an increased oxygen free radical generation by alcohols. This result is in accordance with previous studies using methanol and other alcohols [ 35 ]. FE administration to methanol-treated rats resulted in a significant decrease in LPO level compared to rats treated with methanol alone. These results are similar to the observation of another study where figs extract was shown to decrease LPO level in streptozotocin-induced damage in albino rats [ 36 ].
Recent studies [ 37 ] have provided evidence that aqueous extract of Taraxacum officinale root, a herbal medicine, exhibited significant decrease in hepatic lipid peroxidation against liver damage mediated by alcohol in vivo. These changes were significantly reversed upon treatment with FE.
Therefore, some polyphenols and flavonoids exert a stimulatory action on transcription and gene expression of certain enzymes. The antioxidant enzyme system plays an important role in the defence of cells against oxidative insults.
These enzymes are critical for defence mechanisms against the harmful effects of reactive oxygen species ROS and free radicals in biological systems. CAT is a key component of the antioxidant defense system. Inhibition of this protective mechanism results in enhanced sensitivity to free-radical-induced cellular damage.
The decrease of CAT may result in a lot of deleterious effects due to the accumulation of superoxide radicals and hydrogen peroxide [ 39 ].
GPx content was another important parameter that revealed oxidative damage in liver. Reduction in liver GPx activity in methanol-treated rats as observed in this study indicated the damage in liver. Our study showed that total phenolics were important antioxidants in F. Moreover, these findings supported the beneficial effect of F. It is conceivable that these effects may be due, at least in part, to its antioxidant activity.
These results are in accordance with those of Srivastava and Shivanandappa [ 40 ] which demonstrated that the aqueous extract of the roots of Decalepis hamiltonii, a climbing shrub that grows in the forests of peninsular India and is consumed for its health-promoting properties, prevented CCl4-induced oxidative stress in the rat liver by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and protein carbonylation, restoring the levels of antioxidant enzymes SOD, CAT, GPx, GR, and GST and glutathione.
These results clearly show that the antioxidant property of FE reduces significantly the damage of methanol-induced liver injury and activates the biological defense system of the liver.
Furthermore, FE appears to scavenge free radicals [ 41 ], as shown by the inhibition of lipid peroxidation induced by methanol in vivo. Conclusion In the present study, the stem extracts of F. The various in vitro antioxidant tests proved that the plant possesses components such as polyphenols and flavonoids with scavengers of free radicals.
Current study also demonstrates that F.
The observed strong antioxidant activity of F. Further investigation is needed to isolate and identify the active principle involved in antioxidant activities of this plant. Acknowledgments The authors thank the volunteers for their cooperation in the present study. References J. Dong, K. Sulik, and S.
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Ali, and S. Khan, Q. Jabeen, F. Subhan, and R. Gilani, S. Phatak repertory is best used to generalize local symptoms. For example patient complains of pain in spot on the occiput or pain in the back in just one spot, or burning sensation in one spot etc. A case of an 80 year old suffering from Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc PID , was bed ridden and had been on pain killers and steroids without any relief.
His mental symptoms could not be obtained much; however a very characteristic symptom was noted. He had to constantly change his position to get relief; failing to do so would aggravate his pain. Here is the repertorization: Nat Sulph 30 helped him dramatically and he was able to walk on his own within 4 months without having to take any pain killers.
Thus, knowledge of a repertory is absolutely essential while selecting the rubrics. A homeopath should be knowledgeable and unprejudiced while selecting a repertory, the rubrics and the remedy. Repertory is a tool that can fix the most difficult of your cases provided it is used artistically and skilfully.