Swimming. 1. About the Tutorial. Swimming is one of the popular Olympic sports which has numerous variants. This tutorial will give you an overview of how to. THE EVOLUTION OF WORLD RECORDS IN COMPETITIVE SWIMMING 2. THE BEGINNINGS, TECHNIQUE AND RULES OF SWIMMING STYLES. Let's begin with. Swimming Back to the Basics. THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN. Following are the seven basic swim- ming skills that are at the core of all great.
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It is my great pleasure to introduce you this “Swimming for All,. Swimming for Life – Learn how to swim, the basics” Manual, as part of. FINA's global effort in the. All rights reserved. No poron of this book may be used, reproduced or transmied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including fax, photocopy. USMS provides an Adult Learn-to-Swim Instructor Certification for As a Masters swimmer, sometimes it's hard to believe that there are adults who have trouble.
Show less Learning how to swim can be scary when you don't know what you're doing. Don't worry though — there are things you can do to make learning how to swim less daunting. Once you get the hang of it, swimming will be a breeze. Interested in competitive swimming?
With your face in the water, keep your eyes fixed on a point down and slightly forward.
Your head should fall into line with the natural position of your spine — imagine you have a rod through it, preventing you from putting your head up any further.
If your hips drop, your smooth, straight body position will be lost. A still, well-positioned head is the key to swimming straight. If you throw your head from side to side while swimming your body will be thrown off balance and you are likely to become quite disorientated too!
However, learning to the correct rhythm of breathing is notoriously difficult. First, the stroke must be broken down into smaller parts. Olympic coach Ben Titley provides us with tips from the top.
Using an ankle band will have the immediate effect of turning off your kick, which then forces you to make efforts to correct your balance. If you are successful in discovering these, then the ankle band has done part of its job. This piece of equipment helps the swimmer practice keeping their head in one position, along with training them for the proper breathing technique of breathing in through the mouth and out the nose.
This technique is the opposite of a common runner's breathing pattern, which is in the nose and out the mouth. As each beep is heard, the next stroke, or cycles of strokes, should be taken. Zoomers A type of rubber swimming fins, zoomers are cut off fins with the holes in the bottom.
They help make the swimmer kick faster, but at the cost of working harder. The most durable material for regular swimming is Polyester. The main difference between competition and regular swimwear is that competition swimwear is tighter and compresses the muscles of the swimmers. Regular swimwear is easier to put on and more comfortable for leisure activities. Olympic gold medalist Tyler Clary of U.
Males generally swim barechested. There was controversy after the Beijing Olympic Games in when many Olympic swimmers broke records an unprecedented number of times using revolutionary swimsuits that covered their entire legs. To highlight the issue, in , 70 world records were broken in one year, and 66 Olympic records were broken in one Olympic Games there were races in Beijing where the first five finishers were swimming faster than the old world record.
As of January 1, , men are only allowed to wear suits from the waist to the knees. Women[ edit ] Women wear one-piece suits with thicker and higher backs for competition, though two-piece suits can also be worn during practice. Backs vary mainly in strap thickness and geometric design. There are also different style lengths: three-quarter length reaches the knees , regular length shoulders to hips , and bikini style two-piece.
As of January 1, , in competition, women must wear suits that do not go past the shoulders or knees. Use of drag wear[ edit ] Drag suits are used to increase water resistance against the swimmer to help them train for competitions. Other forms of drag wear include nylons, old suits, and T-shirts: articles that increase friction in the water to build strength during training, and thus increase speed once drag items are removed for competition.
Some swimmers practice in basketball shorts over their bathing suit, wearing two bathing suits, or wearing an extra bathing suit with holes cut in the material. You might have to swim quite far before you're safely out of the rip current, but keep going. You don't want to undo the good work you've done so far by heading for shore at the wrong time. If possible call out for help.
If you can, motion to the lifeguard or yell "Help!
However, don't do this if it means sacrificing a breath or if you have to stop swimming - it's better to keep yourself moving. Know how to get out of a river current. If you're caught in a river that's flowing too quickly or pushing you under, follow these steps to get out: As with a rip current, panicking and flailing your limbs can push you deeper into the water.
Try to take even breaths and remain calm. Aim to swim diagonally toward the shoreline. Swimming toward the shoreline at a degree angle will force you to fight with the current too much, and might cause you to become exhausted quickly.
Instead, plan to get to the shoreline at a diagonal angle that goes with the current. Don't try to swim upstream. You'll spend too much energy for not enough results. Only try to swim upstream if there's immediate danger downstream, such as sharp rocks or a waterfall. If you are being rapidly carried downstream by the current, point your feet in the direction you are being carried.
This may prevent you from striking your head on a rock or other obstruction.
I have been learning to swim for the last two months, but I am not able to keep my body straight. Because of that I start sinking when I do freestyle swimming. What should I do to keep my body straight? Keep kicking, because the kicking keeps you straight. The faster you kick the higher you stay above water. The slower you kick the faster you will sink. Yes No. Not Helpful 3 Helpful I don't know how to swim because I have a phobia.
Is there anything I can do to address this so I can learn to swim? Check out How to Overcome a Fear of Swimming for some helpful advice. You can use floats to get comfortable. Try starting in chest-deep water, taking a deep breath, and holding your face under for 10 seconds. If you're only afraid of going into deep water, practice swimming back and forth over shallow water without touching the bottom.
If you can do that, deep water is no different — though you should swim with a friend when you start out. Not Helpful 73 Helpful It is recommended that you learn how it swim in any type of water, deep or shallow, to prevent drowning in emergencies involving deep water. Not Helpful 15 Helpful It's harder to float if you have high muscle density or small lung capacity, but anyone can learn how to do it.
Start at the side of the pool, letting your legs drift upward, and straighten your back and hips so you're fully horizontal. Look straight up and take deep breaths. Not Helpful 79 Helpful Hold onto a friend's hands or the side of the pool.
Raise your feet off the floor and bend them back under you, then lower them to the floor again. Keep practicing this until you're comfortable lifting your feet, letting your face go underwater, and standing up again.
Not Helpful 89 Helpful First, be sure it is deep water, there can be hazards doing deep water jumps into shallow water, such as breaking your neck with a dive.
When you are sure it is deep, you can do a regular jump, a dive-bomb jump or a dive. If you decide to dive in the deep water, it's your choice as to whether to dive off the diving board or not.
Not Helpful 37 Helpful I can't hold my breath under water for long, I feel very uncomfortable. How can I overcome this? Keep count of the number of seconds you're able to hold your breath each time.
Then try to increase this count slowly, by a few seconds every day if you can. As you continue to practice, you'll feel less anxious and increase your time. Not Helpful 43 Helpful Treading water is a great way to do that! It's a basic skill in swimming that you should learn to stay safe. Check out an article about that: How to Tread Water. Not Helpful 62 Helpful Yes, certainly. Swimming does not put much pressure on the joints, making it ideal for those whose joints ache.
Depending on why your joints are hurting you, however, you may have some limitations. For example, you may not be able to do the dolphin stroke, but you may be able to do forward and backward floating. Similarly, you may not be able to do the breaststroke, but you may be able to swim freestyle. Not Helpful 33 Helpful If you can, get some help.
If you have to wait for help, tread water or float on your back. Learning how to float and tread water can save your life one day. Try to swim to the closest land or something to hold onto. Not Helpful 56 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. How to Swim. Article Summary X When you're first learning how to swim, practice in shallow water so you can stand up if you need to.
Did this summary help you? Tips If possible, learn to swim under the supervision of a trained lifeguard. He or she has been taught to recognize signs that you need help, even if you're underwater or unable to call out.
If you're a beginner, swim close to the edge so you can hold on if you need to. If you have long hair, consider wearing a swim cap to keep it out of your way. In addition, some public pools require swimmers with long hair to wear them, so it can't hurt to have one on hand. If you are floating on your back, stay calm or you won't float. Make sure to download some ear drops or something. They help in case your ears get clogged.
Always start off swimming lessons somewhere where there are no currents and waves. Use safety equipment.
In case you were practicing for the first time and something happens, the equipment can be of use. Practice with an experienced swimmer for more help. Use your life jacket or arm float to help stay afloat around the water.
It will take time, so be patient. Swim in pools that are shallow one meter deep if you are a beginner. Remember you can always put your feet down if you begin to panic. Practice with family members until you feel confident in the water on your own.
Use a kick board, life jacket, or arm floats to help stay afloat if you feel nervous about moving around the water. If you are nervous getting into the water, try putting your feet in first and slowly make your way in. Using floats can be a great way to start leaning different types of swimming. Close your mouth, so that you will not get water in it. Close your mouth for that water can not get into your system and you don't know that has been it. Always shower after swimming, because the chlorine is very damaging.
After showering, make sure to moisturize properly as well. Warnings If you are still a beginner, never try to swim in the "deep end" of a pool, unless you are with an adult that can swim at an excellent level.