echecs16.info Question Papers CIDADANIA NO BRASIL O LONGO CAMINHO PDF

CIDADANIA NO BRASIL O LONGO CAMINHO PDF

Saturday, February 15, 2020 admin Comments(0)

Cidadania Insurgente (Em Portugues do Brasil) [James Holston] on echecs16.info . *FREE* Cidadania no Brasil: O longo caminho (Portuguese Edition). 13 José Murilo de Carvalho, Cidadania no Brasil. O longo caminho (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira,. ), This State propaganda was based on. Cidadania no Brasil: o longo caminho. Rio de Janeiro: Retrieved May 26, from echecs16.info echecs16.info Cortina, A. (). Cidadãos do.


Author:HEDWIG JANOCHA
Language:English, Spanish, German
Country:Gabon
Genre:Environment
Pages:773
Published (Last):08.02.2016
ISBN:353-9-78981-526-8
ePub File Size:27.79 MB
PDF File Size:9.42 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Register to download]
Downloads:44098
Uploaded by: KARIN

CARVALHO, José Murilo de. Cidadania No Brasil o Longo Caminho. Rio de Janeiro Civilização Brasileira, Conclusão - Download as PDF File .pdf) . Cidadania no Brasil_ O longo caminho - José Murilo de Carvalho ().pdf Baixe no formato PDF, TXT ou leia online no Scribd .. cent edo Sal vadora um bi spo deTucumán depassagem pel o echecs16.info quetodael anão ér epúbl ica. Cidadania no Brasil: O longo caminho (Portuguese Edition) [José Murilo de Carvalho] on echecs16.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A obra é um guia.

The policy theme was discussed during all the Congress, sometimes in a conflicting way, other times in a convergent one, in the following nodal aspects: the tension between a project that aims at the public sphere and the private sector growth in health in a context of consumption and commodification or commoditization of life; internal contradictions to the field on how to produce health within the NHS, in the micro spheres of everyday practices of healthcare, or the macro spheres, which emphasize the state-society relations, state institutions in relation to society. A hard task, because it is an event based on some theses that have been formulated, presented and discussed. Hence, the idea of a synthesis speech is this possible? This was the state of mind which produced the present manuscript, recognizing beforehand the impossibility of such synthesis; therefore, its singularity. The subject of the 13th Congress had been established almost one year before it was held in , and so, much prior to the June Journeys, 3 that took place in several parts of Brazil. That is the first result of the Congress - its subject was a big hit!

You might also like: CODIGO PENAL BRASILEIRO EPUB

There was a thirst for discussing, even if concerning multiple divergences, concerns, inquietudes, confrontations. Grounded on the agenda of public health needs and more specifically, of challenges, deadlocks and performing possibilities of the Brazilian National Health System SUS , the increasing collapse of the political and management forms was noticed. Issues such as actual service offering conditions under the perspective of guarantee of the universality and of integrality of primary care, the 'vampirization' of the health system by the private segment of great capital in the industry, the work conditions and processes in the health area, extremely compromised by the flexibility of the contracts etc.

Ecuaciones Diferenciales y Cálculo Variacional [L. Elsgoltz (1970)]

They were also disturbed with the limits and embarrassments that were imposed to the protests and to the democratic access of segments of the Brazilian civil society to the decisions and effective political participation in the country's health segment. It was not due to the non-existence of established channels, but, mainly and specially, due to the fact that the institutional ways consolidated seemed to capture more and more the spaces of protest and popular expression, de-personalizing them, de-politicizing them, or co-opting them, more than listening to them, understanding them, serving them Carvalho, There was, therefore, a diagnosis about the limits of the social and political process in progress in the country, which translated itself crosswise in relation to SUS's practices and policies and to the poverty of political ways - for implementing and defining health policies and actions, the system's management, and the governing ways.

It recognized the loss of the political horizon and the need of retaking it. The retaken of the public in the Public Health.

Accionamientos Electricos - Archivo 1 [Trad. Jose Puig Torres]

The demand for a political way which is radically democratic and committed with the country's social issue. A very hard task: producing the synthesis The impossibility of producing a synthesis has already been mentioned, considering not only the organizational aspects, but, mainly, those aspects concerning the differences, language and report disjunctions, companionship moments among congress participants and scheduled activities, perceptions socially built in act and pre-conceptions already strongly established.

It was five days of intense activities: courses,; workshops, conferences, thematic discussions, round tables, lectures, cultural activities, meetings at the coffee, the halls etc. Thus, this manuscript results in an empirical report of what was possible to build, being as accurate as possible in relation to the facts, to the fidelity of the observed facts. The listening devices of the Congress's scientific organization staff, which circulated through the whole event, in meetings held at the end of the day's activities, substantially contributed to this report.

Additionally, the participation in and observation of the Congress's activities, as well as informal talking with colleagues and participants in general, made it possible to identify some core issues, which were pulsing during the event, about the public issue in the Public Health.

A tension was clearly revealed between a project of a more collective nature, which aims at the public, the common in the health production, and the increasing consumption in the health segment, produced not only in a more general scope of the society but also inside the Brazilian National Health System itself, in a more and more individual basis Touraine, In the different events that took place during the Congress, some positioned themselves in favor of one or another perspective; other times, this pressure was expressed in a single activity.

Those who emphasize the access to the services, aiming at the guarantee of the universality, tend to conceive the public in a more immediate way, taking care that everybody, throughout the national territory, have access to healthcare services.

By taking this direction, they leave to another time, in the background, the point - also important - of discussing the nature of the services, circumstantiating their actual need, sizing their crucial importance for the capital's pay-up and expansion consumption producer and reproducer , with all it means: transforming the user-professional relationship into a thing; turning employment contracts and working hours of health professionals flexible; the depletion of financial resources relating to the expansion of this productive park that are the health services etc.

To this effect, they tend to neglect an aspect that is present in the society and in the health area, the service consumption, which turns and reinforces the user into a leading consumer. It replaces the need of discussing this concept within the context of a consumer society, where access can mean, as it means more and more, the transformation of the user into a consumer, last object of capital pay-up in the sector.

Caminho o no cidadania pdf longo brasil

Considering this scenario, SUS, beyond the social right, could become a powerful arm in the capital reproduction; the reversion of the first project, where the assumption of the right-bearing user would turn to the background. In this context, the challenge would be facing the public nature of the access to health services. On the other hand, there are those who try to rescue the public discussion more strictly linked to the idea of right.

Under this perspective, the possible ways of producing health - in all action levels, in the user-professional relationship, in the manager-population relationship and in the inter-federative spheres etc. However, there was no discussion in the Congress that did not express the success of SUS! A success understood beyond the common sense of the one who wins, of who is the best, the unbeatable, who comes out on top, or something similar.

Success in the sense of performance. There is a very strong perception that SUS is a powerful structure, a wide productive machine that encompasses all social, economic, political and cultural spheres. A structure built with and on the efforts of its workers, scholars, managers, researchers, ideologists, servers, users.

A structure-project in progress. It is also successful because, in addition to being powerful, it is the only public policy that survived from the country's re-democratization process 4 - which is quite a lot in terms of political continuity in a country like ours that prioritizes the old-boy system in politics and the control of the State by capital-associated upper classes Carvalho, Success resulting from the effort of its first designers, who within an adverse context, still under a dictatorial government, were prepared to face the challenge and build a propositional platform intended for health, a public social policy in the country.

According to Fleury , SUS rearranged the country's executive power through the following processes and instruments: the mechanisms of participation and social control - represented by the Health Committees at each government sphere, in an equity representation between the State and the civil society. Since then, these mechanisms became part of the state apparatus and the institutional machinery.

Aside from this instrument, there are also the political will building mechanisms, the Health Conferences, regularly held on all levels of government. A communicative and deliberative exercise mechanism that puts the actors to interact, and consists in the subject's learning and social recognition, with the perspective of strengthening the organized civil society.

As, finally, there are mechanisms of shared management, negotiation and agreement among the federated entities involved with the decentralization of the health system.

The policy in question: the success of the São Paulo's 13th Congress of Public Health

It recognized the loss of the political horizon and the need of retaking it. The retaken of the public in the Public Health. The demand for a political way which is radically democratic and committed with the country's social issue. A very hard task: producing the synthesis The impossibility of producing a synthesis has already been mentioned, considering not only the organizational aspects, but, mainly, those aspects concerning the differences, language and report disjunctions, companionship moments among congress participants and scheduled activities, perceptions socially built in act and pre-conceptions already strongly established.

It was five days of intense activities: courses,; workshops, conferences, thematic discussions, round tables, lectures, cultural activities, meetings at the coffee, the halls etc. Thus, this manuscript results in an empirical report of what was possible to build, being as accurate as possible in relation to the facts, to the fidelity of the observed facts. The listening devices of the Congress's scientific organization staff, which circulated through the whole event, in meetings held at the end of the day's activities, substantially contributed to this report.

Additionally, the participation in and observation of the Congress's activities, as well as informal talking with colleagues and participants in general, made it possible to identify some core issues, which were pulsing during the event, about the public issue in the Public Health. A tension was clearly revealed between a project of a more collective nature, which aims at the public, the common in the health production, and the increasing consumption in the health segment, produced not only in a more general scope of the society but also inside the Brazilian National Health System itself, in a more and more individual basis Touraine, In the different events that took place during the Congress, some positioned themselves in favor of one or another perspective; other times, this pressure was expressed in a single activity.

Those who emphasize the access to the services, aiming at the guarantee of the universality, tend to conceive the public in a more immediate way, taking care that everybody, throughout the national territory, have access to healthcare services. By taking this direction, they leave to another time, in the background, the point - also important - of discussing the nature of the services, circumstantiating their actual need, sizing their crucial importance for the capital's pay-up and expansion consumption producer and reproducer , with all it means: transforming the user-professional relationship into a thing; turning employment contracts and working hours of health professionals flexible; the depletion of financial resources relating to the expansion of this productive park that are the health services etc.

To this effect, they tend to neglect an aspect that is present in the society and in the health area, the service consumption, which turns and reinforces the user into a leading consumer. It replaces the need of discussing this concept within the context of a consumer society, where access can mean, as it means more and more, the transformation of the user into a consumer, last object of capital pay-up in the sector. Considering this scenario, SUS, beyond the social right, could become a powerful arm in the capital reproduction; the reversion of the first project, where the assumption of the right-bearing user would turn to the background.

In this context, the challenge would be facing the public nature of the access to health services. On the other hand, there are those who try to rescue the public discussion more strictly linked to the idea of right. Under this perspective, the possible ways of producing health - in all action levels, in the user-professional relationship, in the manager-population relationship and in the inter-federative spheres etc. However, there was no discussion in the Congress that did not express the success of SUS!

A success understood beyond the common sense of the one who wins, of who is the best, the unbeatable, who comes out on top, or something similar.

Brasil o longo cidadania caminho pdf no

Success in the sense of performance. There is a very strong perception that SUS is a powerful structure, a wide productive machine that encompasses all social, economic, political and cultural spheres. A structure built with and on the efforts of its workers, scholars, managers, researchers, ideologists, servers, users.

A structure-project in progress. It is also successful because, in addition to being powerful, it is the only public policy that survived from the country's re-democratization process 4 - which is quite a lot in terms of political continuity in a country like ours that prioritizes the old-boy system in politics and the control of the State by capital-associated upper classes Carvalho, Success resulting from the effort of its first designers, who within an adverse context, still under a dictatorial government, were prepared to face the challenge and build a propositional platform intended for health, a public social policy in the country.

According to Fleury , SUS rearranged the country's executive power through the following processes and instruments: the mechanisms of participation and social control - represented by the Health Committees at each government sphere, in an equity representation between the State and the civil society. Since then, these mechanisms became part of the state apparatus and the institutional machinery. Aside from this instrument, there are also the political will building mechanisms, the Health Conferences, regularly held on all levels of government.

A communicative and deliberative exercise mechanism that puts the actors to interact, and consists in the subject's learning and social recognition, with the perspective of strengthening the organized civil society.

Forced Evictions and Black-Indigenous Land Rights in the Marvelous City

As, finally, there are mechanisms of shared management, negotiation and agreement among the federated entities involved with the decentralization of the health system.

The institutional committees - Bipartite and Tripartite Inter-management Committees, for instance - are spaces intended for negotiating the differences and creating management agreements, an innovation in the Brazilian federative model.

A different form of federalism, which, within this management model layout, opens a space for contemplating regional differences, while leveling the decentralization, agreement and participation mechanisms. In face of these processes, it becomes clear how much the implementation of SUS has produced new public institutions, both in the health area and for the Brazilian State, turning the Sanitary Reform's political-ideological thinking into public policy.

The Congress also presented issues related to the moment of political changes the country is currently facing. There were differences on how to produce health within SUS, and about the political ways of this production. In this brunt, concepts and territories faced themselves, indicating the representation crisis.