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LABOR CODE PHILIPPINES PDF

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Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) in appropriate regulations. .. notice or salary in lieu of notice, is not allowed under Philippine labor law. On the . Jun 15, Senate of the Philippines, Manila, 14 August Labor Code, the longest- serving Minister of Labor and Employment (19 years), the first. Jul 23, covers Book 5 and PART THREE covers Books 6 and 7 of the Labor Code. LABOR LAWS OF THE PHILIPPINES. PART ONE. LAW ON LABOR.


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Labor Code of the Philippines. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. , AS AMENDED. A DECREE INSTITUTING A LABOR CODE THEREBY REVISING AND. Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. ▫. ▫. ▫. ▫. ▫. ▫. Page 7. ▫ o o o o o o o. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page AS AMENDED AND RENUMBERED A Decree Instituting a Labor Code Thereby Revising and Consolidating Labor and Social Laws to Afford.

Labor force[ edit ] The Philippines is a country that has one of the biggest available pools of qualified workers aged 15—64 in the world in absolute terms which ranks 13th largest in the world behind countries like Vietnam , Japan , and Mexico. In its people qualified for work had reached With this large pool of available workers, the Philippines has more than 38M people that belong to the labor force which is one of the largest in the world almost making it to the top ten notwithstanding a relatively mediocre participation rate of Unemployment and under-employment[ edit ] Meanwhile, there are about 2. This is the lowest rate the Philippines enjoys since , before the country suffered from the Asian Financial Crisis. After unemployment rate peaked in , [7] it has been on a steep decline by an average of 8. It went back up after it fell in at 6.

This is the lowest rate the Philippines enjoys since , before the country suffered from the Asian Financial Crisis. After unemployment rate peaked in , [7] it has been on a steep decline by an average of 8. It went back up after it fell in at 6. Though there was a slowdown in , there was high growth again in which was interrupted only by the onset of the global financial crisis of This "lagging" may be due to the extreme weather disturbances the country experienced.

Considering that a large part of the labor force is employed in agriculture, this is valid. Another reason is the difference between GDP and employment with respect to their sectoral structures. Agriculture, forestry and fishing sector contribute only less than one-fifth This lagging could also be viewed with distinction to full-time and part-time employment. But the growth in employment occurred almost entirely among part-time workers 8. Improvements in real wages, improves the poverty incidence of the people thus helping in poverty reduction.

Canlas, Aldaba, Esguerra argues that policymakers should have a good understanding of the sources of TFP because sustainable growth comes from rising TFP growth.

But there should be care in this issue as there is the so-called job mismatch which will be discussed later. Canlas, Aldaba, Esguerra advise that to raise TFP growth, monetary policy and fiscal policy should stabilize a predictable environment for the private sector.

This also shows how they are not content with the quality of employment. The self-employed are actually indifferent between the wage employment and self-employment that they decided to be on their own. On the other hand, they can be overseas Filipino workers. In , it was reported that 1. This lack of training and skills and incompetence may be due to poor education, which shows that indeed, education must be improved.

Even with the high unemployment rate, there are actually jobs that are not filled because there are no applicants who have the right qualifications.

THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES ANNOTATED

M aternity Leave Benefit. The e mplo ye r may re q uire fro m any wo man e mplo ye e applying fo r mate rnity le ave the pro ductio n o f a me dical ce rtificate stating that de live ry will pro b ab ly take place within two we e ks. The fo llo wing are acts o f discriminatio n: Pro vide d , That the institutio n o f any criminal actio n und e r this pro visio n shall no t b ar the ag g rie ve d e mplo ye e fro m filing an e ntire ly se parate and distinct actio n fo r mo ne y claims, which may include claims fo r damag e s and o the r affirmative re lie fs.

The actio ns he re b y autho rize d shall pro ce e d inde pe nde ntly o f e ach o the r. It shall b e unlawful fo r an e mplo ye r to re q uire as a co nditio n o f e mplo yme nt o r co ntinuatio n o f e mplo yme nt that a wo man e mplo ye e shall no t g e t marrie d, o r to stipulate e xpre ssly o r tacitly that upo n g e tting marrie d, a wo man e mplo ye e shall b e de e me d re sig ne d o r se parate d, o r to actually dismiss, discharg e , discriminate o r o the rwise pre judice a wo man e mplo ye e me re ly b y re aso n o f he r marriag e.

It shall b e unlawful fo r any e mplo ye r: Any wo man who is pe rmitte d o r suffe re d to wo rk, with o r witho ut co mpe nsatio n, in any nig ht club , co cktail lo ung e , massag e clinic, b ar o r similar e stab lishme nts unde r the e ffe ctive co ntro l o r supe rvisio n o f the e mplo ye r fo r a sub stantial pe rio d o f time as de te rmine d b y the Se cre tary o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt, shall b e co nside re d as an e mplo ye e o f such e stab lishme nt fo r purpo se s o f lab o r and so cial le g islatio n.

Em ploym ent of Children.

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Provided , That the em ploym ent contract is concluded by the child's parents or legal guardian, with the express agreem ent of the child concerned, if possible, and the approval of the Departm ent of Labor and Em ploym ent: Provided, further , That the following requirem ents in all instances are strictly com plied with: In the above-exceptional cases where any such child m ay be em ployed, the em ployer shall first secure, before engaging such child, a work perm it from the Departm ent of Labor and Em ploym ent which shall ensure observance of the above requirem ents.

For purposes of this Article, the term "child" shall apply to all persons under eighteen 18 years of age. All laws, decrees, executive orders, issuances, rules, and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with e reconciled with pertinent provisions of the Civil Code, e.

The Domestic Workers Act applies to all dom estic workers em ployed and working within yaya o perform s dom estic work only occasionally or sporadically and not on an occupational basis. Pro vide d , That the e mplo ye rs shall re vie w the e mplo yme nt co ntracts o f the ir ho use he lpe rs e ve ry thre e 3 ye ars with the e nd in vie w o f impro ving the te rms and co nditio ns the re o f. Pro vide d, further, That tho se ho use he lpe rs who are re ce iving at le ast O ne Tho usand pe so s P1, The minimum wag e rate s pre scrib e d unde r this Chapte r shall b e the b asic cash wag e s which shall b e paid to the ho use he lpe rs in additio n to lo dg ing , fo o d and me dical atte ndance.

The dom estic worker shall be provided a copy of th e duly signed em ploym ent contract which m ust include the following: Note that Sec. In such cases, the dom estic worker shall be p aid the applicable m inimum wage. The em ployer shall adjust the work schedule of the dom estic worker to allow such access to education or training without ham pering the services required by the em ployer.

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In no case shall physical vio le nce b e use d upo n the ho use he lpe r. If the ho use he lpe r is unjustly dismisse d, he o r she shall b e paid the co mpe nsatio n alre ady e arne d plus that fo r fifte e n 15 days b y way o f inde mnity. If the ho use he lpe r le ave s witho ut justifiab le re aso n, he o r she shall fo rfe it any unpaid salary due him o r he r no t e xce e ding fifte e n 15 days.

The e mplo ye r may ke e p such re co rds as he may de e m ne ce ssary to re fle ct the actual te rms and co nditio ns o f e mplo yme nt o f Sec. The em ployer shall provide appropriate rest and assistance to the dom estic worker in case of illnesses and injuries sustained during service without loss of benefits.

At no instance shall the em ployer withdraw or hold in abeyance th e provision of these basic necessities as punishm ent or disciplinary action to the dom estic worker. If the dom estic worker is unjustly dism issed, the dom estic worker shall be paid the com pensation already earned plus the equi valent of fifteen 15 days work by way of indem nity.

If the dom estic worker leaves without justifiable reason, any unpaid salary d ue not exceeding the equivalent fifteen 15 days work shall be forfeited. In addition, the em ployer m ay recover from the dom estic worker costs incurred related to the deploym ent expenses, if any: Provided , That the service has been term inated within six Sec. The dom estic worker and the em ployer m ay m utually agree upon written notice to pre- Sec. The e mplo yme nt o f industrial ho me wo rke rs and fie ld pe rso nne l shall b e re g ulate d b y the g o ve rnme nt thro ug h the appro priate re g ulatio ns issue d b y the Se cre tary o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt to e nsure the g e ne ral we lfare and pro te ctio n o f ho me wo rke rs and fie ld pe rso nne l and the industrie s e mplo ying the m.

The re g ulatio ns o r o rde rs to b e issue d pursuant to this Chapte r shall b e de sig ne d to assure the minimum te rms and co nditio ns o f e mplo yme nt applicab le to the industrial ho me wo rke rs o r fie ld pe rso nne l invo lve d. Fo r purpo se s o f this Chapte r, the " e mplo ye r" o f ho me wo rke rs include s any pe rso n, natural o r artificial who , fo r his acco unt o r b e ne fit, o r o n b e half o f any pe rso n re siding o utside the co untry, dire ctly o r indire ctly, o r thro ug h an e mplo ye e , ag e nt co ntracto r, sub -co ntracto r o r any o the r pe rso n: This chapte r shall apply to all pe rso ns, who shall b e e mplo ye d o r pe rmitte d o r suffe re d to wo rk at nig ht, e xce pt tho se e mplo ye d in ag riculture , sto ck raising , fishing , maritime transpo rt and inland navig atio n, during a pe rio d o f no t le ss than seve n 7 co nse cutive ho urs, inc luding the inte rval fro m and e mplo ye rs.

Nig ht wo rke r me ans any e mplo ye d pe rso n who se wo rk re q uire s pe rfo rmance o f a sub stantial numb e r o f ho urs o f nig ht wo rk which e xce e ds a spe cifie d limit. This This chapter was inserted by R. He alth Asse ssme nt.

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At the ir re q ue st, wo rke rs shall have the rig ht to unde rg o a he alth asse ssme nt witho ut charg e and to re ce ive advice o n ho w to re duce o r avo id he alth pro b le ms asso ciate d with the ir wo rk: With the e xce ptio n o f a finding o f unfitne ss fo r nig ht wo rk, the finding s o f such shall no t b e use d to the ir de trime nt.

Mand ato ry Fac ilitie s. Suitab le first-aid facilitie s shall b e made availab le fo r wo rke rs pe rfo rming nig ht wo rk, including arrang e me nts whe re such wo rke rs, whe re ne ce ssary, can b e take n imme diate ly to a place fo r appro priate tre atme nt. The e mplo ye rs are like wise re q uire d to pro vide safe and he althful wo rking co nditio ns and ade q uate o r re aso nab le facilitie s such as sle e ping o r re sting q uarte rs in the e stab lishme nt and transpo rtatio n fro m the wo rk pre mise s to the ne are st po int o f the ir re side nce sub je ct to e xce ptio ns and g uide line s to b e pro vide d b y the DO LE.

Transfe r. Nig ht wo rke rs who are ce rtifie d as unfit fo r nig ht wo rk, due to he alth re aso ns, shall b e transfe rre d, whe ne ve r practicab le , to a similar jo b fo r which the y are fit to wo rk.

If such transfe r to a similar jo b is no t practicab le , the se wo rke rs shall b e g rante d the same b e ne fits as o the r wo rke rs who are unab le to wo rk, o r to se cure e mplo yme nt during such pe rio d. A nig ht wo rke r ce rtifie d as te mpo rarily unfit fo r nig ht wo rk shall b e g ive n the same pro te ctio n ag ainst dismissal o r no tice o f dismissal as o the r wo rke rs who are pre ve nte d fro m wo rking fo r re aso ns o f he alth.

Wo me n Nig ht Wo rke rs. Me asure s shall b e take n to e nsure that an alte rnative to nig ht wo rk is availab le to wo me n wo rke rs who wo uld o the rwise b e calle d upo n to pe rfo rm such wo rk: During the pe rio ds re fe rre d to in this article: Pre g nant wo me n and nursing mo the rs may b e allo we d to wo rk at nig ht o nly if a co mpe te nt physician, o the r than the co mpany physician, shall ce rtify the ir fitne ss to re nde r nig ht wo rk, and spe cify, in the case o f pre g nant e mplo ye e s, the pe rio d o f the pre g nancy that the y can safe ly wo rk.

The me asure s re fe rre d to in this article may include transfe r to day wo rk whe re this is po ssib le , the pro visio n o f so cial se curity b e ne fits o r an e xte nsio n o f mate rnity le ave.

The pro visio ns o f this article shall no t have the e ffe ct o f re ducing the pro te ctio n and b e ne fits co nne cte d with mate rnity le ave unde r e xisting laws.

Co mp e nsatio n. The co mpe nsatio n fo r nig ht wo rke rs in the fo rm o f wo rking time , pay o r similar b e ne fits shall re co g nize the e xce ptio nal nature o f nig ht wo rk. So c ial Se rvic e s. Appro priate so cial se rvice s shall b e pro vide d fo r nig ht wo rke rs and, whe re ne ce ssary, fo r wo rke rs pe rfo rming nig ht wo rk.

In e stab lishme nts e mplo ying nig ht wo rke rs, co nsultatio n shall take place re g ularly. The e mplo ye r shall take ste ps fo r the training o f a sufficie nt numb e r o f e mplo ye e s in first-aid tre atme nt. The Se cre tary o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt shall pro vide b y appro priate re g ulatio ns the se rvice s that shall b e re q uire d whe re the numb e r o f e mplo ye e s do e s no t e xce e d fifty 50 and shall de te rmine b y appro priate o rde r, hazardo us wo rkplace s fo r purpo se s o f this Article ; b The se rvice s o f a full-time re g iste re d nurse , a part-time physician and de ntist, and an e me rg e ncy clinic, whe n the numb e r o f e mplo ye e s e xce e ds two hundre d b ut no t mo re than thre e hundre d ; and c The se rvice s o f a full-time physician, de ntist and a full-time re g iste re d nurse as we ll as a de ntal clinic and an infirmary o r e me rg e ncy ho spital with o ne b e d capacity fo r e ve ry o ne hundre d e mplo ye e s whe n the numb e r o f e mplo ye e s e xce e ds thre e hundre d It does not include continued treatm ent or follow- As am ended by Sec.

Whe re the unde rtaking is no n-hazardo us in nature , the physician and de ntist may b e e ng ag e d o n re taine d b asis, sub je ct to such re g ulatio ns as the Se cre tary o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt may pre scrib e to insure imme diate availab ility o f me dical and de ntal tre atme nt and atte ndance in case o f e me rg e ncy. The re q uire me nt fo r an e me rg e ncy ho spital o r de ntal clinic shall no t b e applicab le in case the re is a ho spital o r de ntal clinic which is acce ssib le fro m the e m he make s arrang e me nt fo r the re se rvatio n the re in o f the ne ce ssary b e ds and de ntal facilitie s fo r the use o f his e mplo ye e s.

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The physician e ng ag e d b y an e mplo ye r shall, in additio n to his dutie s unde r this Chapte r, de ve lo p and imple me nt a co mpre he nsive o ccupatio nal he alth pro g ram fo r the b e ne fit o f the e mplo ye e s o f his e mplo ye r. The physicians, de ntists and nurse s e mplo ye d b y e mplo ye rs pursuant to this Chapte r shall have the ne ce ssary training in industrial me dicine and o ccupatio nal safe ty and he alth.

The Se cre tary o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt, in co nsultatio n with industrial, me dical, and o ccupatio nal safe ty and he alth asso ciatio ns, shall e stab lish the q ualificatio ns, crite ria and co nditio ns o f e mplo yme nt o f such he alth pe rso nne l. It shall b e the duty o f any e mplo ye r to pro vide all the ne ce ssary assistance to e nsure the ade q uate and imme diate me dical and de ntal atte ndance and tre atme nt to an injure d o r sick e mplo ye e in case o f e me rg e ncy.

The De p artme nt o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt shall de ve lo p and imple me nt training pro g rams to incre ase the numb e r and co mpe te nce o f pe rso nne l in the fie ld o f o ccup atio nal safe ty and industrial he alth.

The fe e so co lle cte d shall b e de po site d in the natio nal tre asury to the cre dit o f the o ccupatio nal safe ty and he alth fund and shall b e e xpe nde d e xclusive ly fo r the administratio n and e nfo rce me nt o f safe ty and o the r lab o r laws administe re d b y the De partme nt o f Lab o r. The State shall pro mo te and de ve lo p a tax-e xe mpt de pe nde nts, in the e ve nt o f wo rk-co nne cte d disab ility o r de ath, may pro mptly se cure ade q uate inco me b e ne fit and me dical re late d b e ne fits.

Paragraphs l and y are shown here as am ended by P. In the ir ab se nce , the de pe nde nt pare nts and sub je ct to the re strictio ns impo se d o n de pe nde nt childre n, the ille g itimate childre n and le g itimate de sce ndants, who are the se co ndary b e ne ficiarie s: Pro vided , That the de pe nde nt ackno wle dg e d natural child shall b e co nside re d as a primary b e ne ficiary whe n the re are no o the r de pe nde nt childre n who are q ualifie d and e lig ib le fo r mo nthly inco me b e ne fit.

Fo r this purpo se , the Co mmissio n is e mpo we re d to de te rmine and appro ve o ccupatio nal dise ase s and wo rk-re late d illne sse s that may b e co nside re d co mpe nsab le b ase d o n pe culiar hazards o f e mplo yme nt. Paragraph y was later superseded by Section 8 m of RA No.

Provided , That the injury or sickness which caused the disability shall be deem ed as the pe As am ended by P. First paragraph of z is deem ed superseded by Section 8 n of R. Fo r a me mb e r co ve re d o n o r afte r January, , the numb e r o f cale ndar ye ars in which six o r mo re co ntrib utio ns have b e e n paid fro m the ye ar o f co ve rag e up to the cale ndar ye ar co ntaining the se me ste r prio r to the co nting e ncy.

The ave rag e mo nthly salary cre dit multiplie d b y the re place me nt ratio ; and O ne and a half pe rce nt o f the ave rag e mo nthly salary cre dit fo r e ach cre dite d ye ar o f se rvice in e xce ss o f te n ye ars; Pro vide d , That the mo nthly inco me b e ne fit shall in no case b e le ss than Two Hundre d Fifty Pe so s P The Co mmissio n shall e nsure ade q uate co ve rag e o f Filipino e mplo ye e s e mplo ye d ab ro ad, sub je ct to re g ulatio ns as it may pre scrib e.

Co mpulso ry co ve rag e o f the e mplo ye r during the e ffe ctivity o f this Title shall take e ffe ct o n the first day o f his o pe ratio n, and that o f the e mplo ye e , o n the date o f his e mplo yme nt. Each e mplo ye r and his e mplo ye e s shall re g iste r with the Syste m in acco rdance with its re g ulatio ns. The State Insurance Fund shall b e liab le fo r co mpe nsatio n to the e mplo ye e o r his de p e nde nts, e xce pt whe n the injure o r kill himse lf o r ano the r, no to rio us ne g lig e nce , o r o the rwise pro vide d unde r this Title.

The payme nt o f co mpe nsatio n unde r this Title shall no t b ar the re co ve ry o f b e ne fits as pro vide d fo r in Se ctio n o f the Re vise d Administrative Co de , Re pub lic Act Numb e re d Ele ve n Hund re d Sixty-O ne , as ame nde d, Repub lic Act Numb e re d Six Hundre d Te n, as ame nde d, Re pub lic Act Numb e re d Fo rty-Eig ht Hundre d Sixty- Fo ur, as ame nde d, and o the r laws who se b e ne fits are administe re d b y the Syste m o r b y o the r ag e ncie s o f the g o ve rnme nt.

In case b e ne fit is paid unde r this Title , the Syste m shall b e sub ro g ate d to the rig hts o f the disab le d e mplo ye e o r the de pe nde nts, in case o f his de ath, in acco rdance with the g e ne ral law. Exce p t as o the rwise pro vide d unde r this Title , no co ntract, re g ulatio n o r de vice whatso e ve r shall o pe rate to As am ended by P. Absence in the case contem plated shall be charged first against vacation leave, if any there be. Existing me dical se rvice s b e ing pro vide d b y the e mplo ye r shall b e maintaine d and co ntinue d to b e e njo ye d b y the ir e mplo ye e s.

The appo intive me mb e r shall have at le ast five co mpe nsatio n o r so cial se curity pro g rams. All vacancie s shall b e fille d fo r the une xpire d te rm o nly. The pre se nce o f fo ur me mb e rs shall co nstitute a q uo rum.

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Each me mb e r shall re ce ive a pe r die m o f two hundre d pe so s fo r e ve ry me e ting that is actually atte nde d b y him, e xclusive o f actual, o rdinary and ne ce ssary trave l and re pre se ntatio n e xpe nse s. In his ab se nce , any me mb e r may de sig nate an o fficial o f the institutio n he se rve s o n full-time b asis as his re pre se ntative to act in his b e half. Pro vided , That the Co mmissio n may upg rade b e ne fits and add ne w o ne s sub je ct to appro val o f the Pre side nt; and Pro vided, further, That the actuarial stab ility o f the State Insurance Fund shall b e g uarante e d; Pro vided, finally, That such incre ase s in b e ne fits shall no t re q uire any incre ase s in co ntrib utio n, e xce pt as pro vide d fo r in parag raph b he re o f; f To appo int the pe rso nne l o f its staff, sub je ct to civil se rvice law and rule s, b ut e xe mpt fro m WAPCO law and re g ulatio ns; g To ado pt annually a b ud g e t o f e xpe nditure s o f the Co mmissio n and its staff charg e ab le ag ainst the State Insurance Fund: Pro vided , That the SSS and GSIS shall advance o n a q uarte rly b asis the re mittance s o f allo tme nt o f the lo ading fund fo r the the Ministry o f Budg e t and Manag e me nt; h To have the po we r to administe r o ath and affirmatio n, and to issue sub po e na and sub po e na duces tecum in co nne ctio n with any q ue stio n o r issue arising fro m appe ale d case s unde r this Title ; Paragraphs f and j , and paragraphs k and l , as am ended and added, respectively, by Sec.

All re ve nue s co lle cte d b y the Syste m unde r this Title shall b e de po site d, inve ste d, administe re d and disb urse d in the same manne r and unde r the same co nditio ns, re q uire me nts and safe g uards as pro vide d b y Re pub lic Act Numb e re d Ele ve n Hundre d Sixty-O ne , as ame nde d, with re g ard to such o the r funds as are the re unde r b e ing paid to o r co lle cte d b y the SSS and GSIS, re spe ctive ly: Pro vided , That the Co mmissio n, SSS and GSIS may disb urse e ach ye ar no t mo re than twe lve pe rce nt o f the co ntrib utio n and inve stme nt e arning s co lle cte d fo r o pe ratio nal e xpe nse s, including o ccupatio nal he alth and safe ty pro g rams, incide ntal to the carrying o ut o f this Title.

All amo unts accruing to the State Insurance Fund, which is he re b y e stab lishe d in the SSS and GSIS, re spe ctive ly, shall b e de po site d with any autho rize d de po sito ry b ank appro ve d b y the Co mmissio n, o r inve ste d with due and prude nt re g ard fo r the liq uidity ne e ds o f the Syste m.

The Syste m shall have o rig inal and e xclusive jurisdictio n to se ttle any dispute arising fro m this Title with re spe ct to co ve rag e , e ntitle me nt to b e ne fits, co lle ctio n and payme nt o f co ntrib utio ns and pe naltie s the re o n, o r any o the r matte r re late d the re to , sub je ct to appe al to the Co mmissio n, which shall de cide appe ale d case s within twe nty 20 wo rking days fro m the sub missio n o f the e vide nce.

All awards g rante d b y the Co mmissio n in case s appe ale d fro m de cisio ns o f the Syste m shall b e e ffe cte d within fifte e n days fro m re ce ipt o f no tice. The Re pub lic o f the Philip pine s g uarante e s the b e ne fits pre scrib e d unde r this Title , and acce pts g e ne ral re spo nsib ility fo r the so lve ncy o f the State Insurance Fund. In case o f any de ficie ncy, the same shall b e co ve re d b y supple me ntal appro priatio ns fro m the natio nal g o ve rnme nt.

Imme diate ly afte r an e mplo ye e co ntracts sickne ss o r sustains an injury, he shall b e pro vide d b y the Syste m during the sub se q ue nt pe rio d o f his disab ility with such me dical se rvice s and appliance s as the nature o f his sickne ss o r injury and pro g re ss o f his re co ve ry may re q uire , sub je ct to the e xpe nse limitatio n pre scrib e d b y the Co mmissio n. The Syste m shall have the autho rity to cho o se o r o rde r a chang e o f physician, ho spital o r re hab ilitatio n facility fo r the e mplo ye e , and shall no t b e liab le fo r co mpe nsatio n fo r any ag g ravatio n o f the e mpl sickne ss re sulting fro m unautho rize d chang e s b y the e mplo ye e o f me dical se rvice s, appliance s, supplie s, ho spitals, re hab ilitatio n facilitie s o r physicians.

Any physician atte nding an injure d o r sick e mplo ye e shall co mply with all the re g ulatio ns o f the Syste m and sub mit re po rts in pre scrib e d fo rms at such time as may b e re q uire d co nce rning his co nditio n o r tre atme nt.

All me dical info rmatio n re le vant to the particular injury o r sickne ss shall, o n de mand, b e made availab le to the e mplo ye e o r the Syste m.

No info rmatio n de ve lo pe d in co nne ctio n with tre atme nt o r e xaminatio n fo r which co mpe nsatio n is so ug ht shall b e co nside re d as privile g e d co mmunicatio n. If the e mplo ye e unre aso nab ly re fuse s to sub mit to me dical e xaminatio n o r tre atme nt, the Syste m shall sto p the payme nt o f furthe r co mpe nsatio n during such time as such re fusal co ntinue s. What co nstitute s an unre aso nab le re fusal shall b e de te rmine d b y the Syste m which may, o n its o wn initiative , de te rmine the ne ce ssity, characte r and sufficie ncy o f any me dical se rvice s furnishe d o r to b e furnishe d.

Labor policy in the Philippines

Pro fe ssio nal fe e s shall o nly b e appre ciab ly hig he r than tho se pre scrib e d unde r Re pub lic Act Numb e re d Sixty-O ne Hundre d Ele ve n, as ame nde d, o the rwise kno wn as the Philippine Me dical Care Act o f Pro vide d , That the mo nthly inco me b e ne fit shall b e the ne w amo unt o f the mo nthly b e ne fit fo r all co ve re d pe nsio ne rs, e ffe ctive upo n ap pro val o f this De cre e.

Co mple te and pe rmane nt lo ss No. Pro vided , That such a lo ss shall b e e ithe r the functio nal lo ss o f the use o r physical lo ss o f the me mb e r. If the re sult is a de cimal fractio n, the same shall b e ro unde d o ff to the ne xt hig he r inte g e r. Pro vided, ho we ver, That the mo nthly inco me b e ne fit shall b e g uarante e d fo r five ye ars: Pro vided, further, That if he has no p rimary b e ne ficiary, the Syste m shall pay to his se co ndary b e ne ficiarie s the mo nthly inco me b e ne fit b ut no t to e xce e d sixty mo nths: Pro vide d, finally, That the minimum de ath b e ne fit shall no t b e le ss than fifte e n tho usand pe so s.

Pro vided, further, That if he has no primary b e ne ficiary, the Syste m shall pay to his se co ndary b e ne ficiarie s the mo nthly pe nsio n re maining b alance o f the five -ye ar g uarante e d pe rio d: Pro vided, finally, That the minimum de ath b e ne fit shall no t b e le ss than fifte e n tho usand pe so s.

All q ue stio ns o f re latio nship and de pe nde ncy shall b e de te rmine d as o f the time o f de ath. The payme nt b y the e mplo ye r o f the lump sum e q uivale nt o f such liab ility shall ab so lve him fro m the payme nt o f the de linq ue nt co ntrib utio n and pe nalty the re o n with re spe ct to the e mplo ye e co nce rne d. If the sickne ss, injury, disab ility o r de ath o ccurs b e fo re the Syste m re ce ive s any re po rt o f the name o f his e mplo ye e , the e mplo ye r shall b e liab le to the Syste m fo r the lump sum e q uivale nt to the b e ne fits to which such e mplo ye e o r his de pe nde nts may b e e ntitle d.

If any e mplo ye e unde r pe rmane nt partial disab ility suffe rs ano the r injury which re sults in a co mpe nsab le disab ility g re ate r than the pre vio us injury, the State Insurance Fund shall b e liable fo r the inco me b e ne fit o f the ne w disab ility: Pro vide d, That if the ne w disab ility is re late d to the pre vio us disab ility, the Syste m shall b e liab le o nly fo r the diffe re nce in inco me b e ne fits.

No claim fo r co mpe nsatio n unde r this Title is transfe rab le o r liab le to tax, attachme nt, g arnishme nt, le vy o r se izure b y o r unde r any le g al pro ce ss whatso e ve r, e ithe r b e fo re o r afte r re ce ipt b y the pe rso n o r pe rso ns e ntitle d the re to , e xce pt to pay any de b t o f the e mplo ye e to the Syste m. Inco me b e ne fits shall, with re spe ct to any pe rio d o f disab ility, b e payab le in acco rdance with this Title to an e mplo ye e who is e ntitle d to re ce ive wag e s, salarie s o r allo wance s fo r ho lidays, vacatio n o r sick le ave s and any o the r award o f b e ne fit unde r a co lle ctive b arg aining o r o the r ag re e me nt.

All e mplo ye rs, e spe cially tho se who sho uld have b e e n paying a rate o f co ntrib utio n hig he r than re q uire d o f the m unde r this Title , are e njo ine d to unde rtake and stre ng the n me asure s fo r the o ccupatio nal he alth and safe ty o f the ir e mplo ye e s.

If the mo ne y is payab le to a mino r o r inco mpe te nt, payme nt shall b e made b y the Syste m to such pe rso n o r pe rso ns as it may co nside r to b e b e st q ualifie d to take care and dispo se o f. No ag e nt, atto rne y o r o the r pe rso n pursuing o r in charg e o f the pre paratio n o r filing o f any claim fo r b e ne fit unde r this Title shall de mand o r charg e fo r his se rvice s any fe e , and any stipulatio n to the co ntrary shall b e null and vo id.

The re te ntio n o r de ductio n o f any amo unt fro m any b e ne fit g rante d unde r this Title fo r the payme nt o f fe e s fo r such se rvice s is pro hib ite d. Vio latio n o f any pro visio n o f this Article shall b e punishe d b y a fine o f no t le ss than Five Hundre d Pe so s no r mo re than Five Tho usand Pe so s, o r impriso nme nt fo r no t le ss than six mo nths no r mo re than o ne ye ar, o r b o th, at the discre tio n o f the co urt.

All laws to the co ntrary no twithstanding , the State Insurance Fund and all its asse ts shall b e e xe mpt fro m any tax, fe e , charg e , le vy, o r custo ms o r impo rt duty and no law he re afte r e nacte d shall apply to the State Insurance Fund unle ss it is pro vide d the re in that the same is applicab le b y e xpre ssly stating its name.

Entrie s in the lo g b o o k shall b e made within five days fro m no tice o r kno wle dg e o f the o ccurre nce o f the co nting e ncy. Within five days afte r e ntry in the lo g b o o k, the e mplo ye r shall re po rt to the Syste m o nly tho se co nting e ncie s he de e ms to b e wo rk-co nne cte d. Upo n re q ue st b y the Syste m, the e mplo ye r shall furnish the ne ce ssary ce rtificate re g arding info rmatio n ab o ut any co nting e ncy appe aring in the lo g b o o k, citing the e ntry numb e r, pag e numb e r and date.

Such lo g b o o k shall b e made availab le fo r inspe ctio n to the duly autho rize d re pre se ntative s o f the Syste m. The pe nal pro visio ns o n co ve rag e shall also b e applicab le.

This Title shall apply o nly to injury, sickne ss, disab ility o r de ath o ccurring o n o r afte r January 1, Pro vide d, That in the case o f the GSIS, co nditio ns fo r e ntitle me nt to b e ne fits shall b e g o ve rne d b y the Lab o r Co de , as ame nde d: Pro vided, ho wever, That the fo rmulas fo r co mputatio n o f b e ne fits, as we ll as the co ntrib utio n b ase , shall b e tho se pro vide d unde r Co mmo nwe alth Act Numb e re d O ne Hundre d Eig hty-Six, as ame nde d b y Pre side ntial De cre e No.

To carry out the program , the law also created the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation, which has taken over the assets and functions of the Philippine M edical Care Comm ission. To e nco urag e a truly de mo cratic me tho d o f re g ulating the re latio ns b e twe e n the e mplo ye rs and e mplo ye e s b y me ans o f ag re e me nts fre e ly e nte re d into thro ug h co lle ctive b arg aining , no co urt o r administrative ag e ncy o r o fficial shall have the po we r to se t o r fix wag e s, rate s o f pay, ho urs o f wo rk o r o the r te rms and co nditio ns o f e mplo yme nt, e xce pt as o the rwise pro vide d unde r this Co de.

The te rm shall no t include any lab o r o rg anizatio n o r any o f its o ffice rs o r ag e nts e xce pt whe n acting as e mplo ye r. The te rm shall no t b e limite d to the e mplo ye e s o f a particular e mplo ye r, unle ss the Co de so As am ended by Sec. It shall include any individual who se wo rk has ce ase d as a re sult o f o r in co nne ctio n with any curre nt lab o r dispute o r b e cause o f any unfair lab o r practice if he has no t o b taine d any o the r sub stantially e q uivale nt and re g ular e mplo yme nt.

Supe rviso ry e mplo ye e s are tho se who , in the inte re st o f the e mplo ye r, e ffe ctive ly re co mme nd such manag e rial actio ns if the e xe rcise o f such autho rity is no t me re ly ro utinary o r cle rical in nature b ut re q uire s the use o f inde pe nde nt judg me nt.

All e mplo ye e s no t falling within any o f the ab o ve de finitio ns are co nside re d rank-and -file e mplo ye e s fo r purpo se s o f this Bo o k. Eig ht 8 me mb e rs e ach shall b e cho se n o nly fro m amo ng the no mine e s o f the wo rke rs and e mplo ye rs o rg anizatio ns, re spe ctive ly.

The Chairman and the se ve n 7 re maining me mb e rs shall co me fro m the pub lic se cto r, with the latte r to b e cho se n pre fe rab ly fro m amo ng the incumb e nt lab o r arb ite rs. Upo n assumptio n into o ffice , the me mb e rs no minate d b y the wo rke rs and e mplo ye rs o rg anizatio ns shall dive st the mse lve s o f any affiliatio n with o r inte re st in the fe de ratio n o r asso ciatio n to which the y b e lo ng.

The am endm ent raised the m aximum num ber of Com m ission Attorneys assigned No Labor Arbiter shall be assigned to perform the functions of the Com m ission Attorney nor detailed to the office of any Comm issioner. The Co mmissio n shall sit en banc o nly fo r purpo se s o f pro mulg ating rule s and re g ulatio ns g o ve rning the he aring and dispo sitio n o f case s b e fo re any o f its divisio ns and re g io nal b ranche s and fo rmulating po licie s affe cting its administratio n and o pe ratio ns.

The Co mmissio n shall e xe rcise its adjudicato ry and all o the r po we rs, functio ns and dutie s thro ug h its divisio ns. O f the e ig ht 8 divisio ns, the first, se co nd, third, fo urth, fifth and sixth divisio ns shall handle case s co ming fro m the Natio nal Capital Re g io n and o the r parts o f Luzo n, and the se ve nth and e ig hth divisio ns, case s fro m the Visayas and Mindanao , re spe ctive ly: Pro vided , That the Co mmissio n sitting en banc may, o n te mpo rary o r e me rg e ncy b asis, allo w case s within the jurisdictio n o f any divisio n to b e he ard and de cide d b y any o the r divisio n who se do cke t allo ws the additio nal wo rklo ad and such transfe r will no t e xpo se litig ants to unne ce ssary additio nal e xpe nse.

The divisio ns o f the Co mmissio n shall have e xclusive appe llate jurisdictio n o ve r case s within the ir re spe ctive te rrito rial jurisdictio n. The co ncurre nce o f two 2 Co mmissio ne rs o f a divisio n shall b e ne ce ssary fo r the pro no unce me nt o f judg me nt o r re so lutio n. Whe ne ve r the re q uire d me mb e rship in a divisio n is no t co mple te and the co ncurre nce o f two 2 Co mmissio ne rs to arrive at a judg me nt o r re so lutio n canno t b e o b taine d, the Chairman shall de sig nate such numb e r o f additio nal Co mmissio ne rs fro m the o the r divisio ns as may b e ne ce ssary.

The co nclusio ns o f a divisio n o n any case sub mitte d to it fo r de cisio n shall b e re ache d in co nsultatio n b e fo re the case is assig ne d to a me mb e r fo r the writing o f the o pinio n. It shall b e mandato ry fo r the divisio n to me e t fo r purpo se s o f the co nsultatio n o rdaine d the re in.

A ce rtificatio n to this e ffe ct sig ne d b y the Pre siding Co mmissio ne r o f the divisio n shall b e issue d, and a co py the re o f attache d to the re co rd o f the case and se rve d upo n the p artie s.

The Chairman shall b e the Pre siding Co mmissio ne r o f the first divisio n, and the se ve n 7 o the r me mb e rs fro m the pub lic se cto r shall b e the Pre siding Co mmissio ne rs o f the se co nd, third, fo urth, fifth, sixth, se ve nth and e ig hth divisio ns, re spe ctive ly. In case o f the e ffe ctive ab se nce o r incap acity o f the Chairman, the Pre siding Co mmissio ne r o f the se co nd divisio n shall b e the Acting Chairman.

The Chairman, aide d b y the Exe cutive Cle rk o f the Co mmissio n, shall have e xclusive administrative supe rvisio n o ve r the Co mmissio n and its re g io nal b ranche s and all its pe rso nne l, including the Lab o r Arb ite rs.

The Co mmissio n, whe n sitting en banc , shall b e assisted b y the same Exe cutive Cle rk, and, whe n acting thru its Divisio ns, b y said Exe cutive Cle rk fo r its first divisio n and se ve n 7 o the r De puty Exe cutive Cle rks fo r the se co nd, third, fo urth fifth, sixth, se ve nth and e ig hth Divisio ns, re spe ctive ly, in the pe rfo rmance o f such similar o r e q uivale nt functio ns and dutie s as are discharg e d b y the Cle rk o f Co urt and De puty Cle rks o f Co urt o f the Co urt o f Appe als.

The Co mmissio n Atto rne ys shall b e me mb e rs o f the Philip pine Bar with at le ast o ne 1 ye ar e xpe rie nce o r e xpo sure in the fie ld o f lab o r-manag e me nt re latio ns. The y shall re ce ive annual salarie s and shall b e e ntitle d to the same allo wance s and b e ne fits as tho se falling und e r Salary Grade twe nty-six SG The re shall b e as many Co mmissio n Atto rne ys as may b e ne ce ssary fo r the e ffe ctive and e fficie nt o pe ratio n o f the Co mmissio n b ut in no case mo re than five 5 assig ne d to the O ffice o f the Chairman and e ach Co mmissio ne r.

The Co mmissio n shall e stab lish as many re g io nal b ranche s as the re are re g io nal o ffice s o f the De partme nt o f Lab o r and Emplo yme nt, sub -re g io nal b ranche s o r pro vincial e xte nsio n units.

Pdf philippines labor code

The re shall b e as many Lab o r Arb ite rs as may b e ne ce ssary fo r the e ffe ctive and e fficie nt o pe ratio n o f the Co mmissio n. The Lab o r Arb ite rs shall like wise b e me mb e rs o f the Philippine Bar and must have b e e n e ng ag e d in the practice o f law in the Philippine s fo r at le ast te n 10 ye ars, with at le ast five 5 ye ars e xpe rie nce o r e xpo sure in the fie ld o f lab o r-manag e me nt re latio ns.

The Chairman, the o the r Co mmissio ne rs and the Lab o r Arb ite rs shall ho ld o ffice during g o o d b e havio r until the y re ach the ag e o f sixty-five 65 ye ars, unle ss so o ne r re mo ve d fo r cause as pro vide d b y law o r b e co me incapacitate d to discharg e the dutie s o f the ir o ffice: Pro vided , ho we ver, That the Pre side nt o f the Re pub lic o f the Philippine s may e xte nd the se rvice s o f the Co mmissio ne rs and Lab o r Arb ite rs up to the maximum ag e o f se ve nty 70 ye ars upo n the re co mme ndatio n o f the Co mmissio n en b anc.

The am endm ent deleted the requirem ent for the Labor Arbiters to be appointed by the President upon recom m endation of the Com m ission en banc to a specific arbitration branch, preferably in the region where they are residents and that the Labor Arbiters who are presently holding office in the region where they are residents shall be deem ed appointed thereat.

Appo intme nt to any vacancy in a spe cific divisio n shall co me o nly fro m the no mine e s o f the se cto r which no minate d the pre de ce sso r. The Lab o r Arb ite rs shall also b e appo inte d b y the Pre side nt, upo n re co mme ndatio n o f the Co mmissio n en b anc and shall b e sub je ct to the Civil Se rvice Law, rule s and re g ulatio ns.

The Chairman o f the Co mmissio n shall appo int the staff and e mplo ye e s o f the Co mmissio n and its re g io nal b ranche s as the ne e ds o f the se rvice may re q uire , sub je ct to the Civil Se rvice Law, rule s and re g ulatio ns, and upg rade the ir curre nt salarie s, b e ne fits and o the r e mo lume nts in acco rdance with law. Lab o r Arb ite rs shall have the same rank, re ce ive an annual salary e q uivale nt to and b e e ntitle d to the same allo wance s, re tire me nt and o the r b e ne fits and privile g e s as tho se o f the judg e s o f the Re g io nal Trial Co urts.

In no case , ho we ve r, shall the pro visio n o f this Article re sult in the diminutio n o f the e xisting salarie s, allo wance s and b e ne fits o f the afo re me ntio ne d o fficials.

Philippines Overview: Working Hours, Overtime, and Coverage of Other Mandatory Labor Rights

See also Sec. The pe rso n adjud g e d in dire ct co nte mpt b y a Lab o r Arb ite r may appe al to the Co mmissio n and the e xe cutio n o f the jud g me nt shall b e suspe nde d pe nding the re so lutio n o f the appe al upo n the filing b y such pe rso n o f a b o nd o n co nditio n that he will ab ide b y and pe rfo rm the judg me nt o f the Co mmissio n sho uld the appe al b e de cide d ag ainst him.

Judg me nt o f the Co mmissio n o n dire ct co nte mpt is imme diate ly e xe cuto ry and unappe alab le. Indire ct co nte mpt shall b e de alt with b y the Co mmissio n o r Lab o r Arb ite r in the manne r pre scrib e d unde r Rule 71 o f the Re vise d Rule s o f Co urt; and e To e njo in o r re strain any actual o r thre ate ne d co mmissio n o f any o r all pro hib ite d o r unlawful acts o r to re q uire the pe rfo rmance o f a particular act in any lab o r dispute which, if no t re straine d o r pe rfo rme d fo rthwith, may cause g rave o r irre parab le damag e to any party o r re nde r ine ffe ctual any de cisio n in favo r o f such party: Pro vide d, That no te mpo rary o r pe rmane nt injunctio n in any case invo lving o r g ro wing o ut o f a lab o r dispute as de fine d in this Co de shall b e issue d e xce pt afte r he aring the te stimo ny o f witne sse s, with o ppo rtunity fo r cro ss-e xaminatio n, in suppo rt o f the alle g atio ns o f a co mplaint made unde r o ath, and te stimo ny in o ppo sitio n the re to , if o ffe re d, and o nly afte r a finding o f fact b y the Co mmissio n, to the e ffe ct: Such he aring shall b e he ld afte r due and pe rso nal no tice the re o f has b e e n se rve d, in such manne r as the Co mmissio n shall dire ct, to all kno wn pe rso ns ag ainst who m re lie f is so ug ht, and also to the Chie f Exe cutive and o the r pub lic o fficials o f the pro vince o r city within which the unlawful acts have b e e n thre ate ne d o r Pro vided, ho we ver, That if a co mplainant shall also alle g e that, unle ss a te mpo rary re straining o rde r shall b e issue d witho ut no tice , a sub stantial and irre parab le injury to b e issue d upo n te stimo ny unde r o ath, sufficie nt, if sustaine d, to justify the Co mmissio n in issuing a tempo rary injunctio n upo n he aring afte r no tice.

Such a te mpo rary re straining o rde r shall b e e ffe ctive fo r no lo ng e r than twe nty 20 days and shall b e co me vo id at the e xpiratio n o f said twe nty 20 days. No such te mpo rary re straining o rde r o r te mpo rary injunctio n shall b e issued e xce pt o n c o nditio n that co mplainant shall first file an unde rtaking with ade q uate se curity in an amo unt to b e fixe d b y the Co mmissio n sufficie nt to re co mpe nse tho se e njo ine d fo r any lo ss, e xpe nse o r damag e cause d b y the impro vide nt o r e rro ne o us issuance o f such o rde r fe e , and e xpe nse o f de fe nse ag ainst the o rde r o r ag ainst the g ranting o f any injunctive re lie f so ug ht in the same pro ce e ding and sub se q ue ntly de nie d b y the Co mmissio n.

The unde rtaking he re in me ntio ne d shall b e unde rsto o d to co nstitute an ag re e me nt e nte re d into b y the co mplainant and the sure ty upo n which an o rde r may b e re nde re d in the same suit o r pro ce e ding ag ainst said co mplainant and sure ty, upo n a he aring to asse ss damag e s, o f which he aring , co mplainant and sure ty shall have re aso nab le no tice , the said co mplainant and sure ty sub mitting the mse lve s to the jurisdictio n o f the Co mmissio n fo r that purpo se.

But no thing he re in co ntaine d shall de prive any party having a claim o r cause o f actio n unde r o r upo n such unde rtaking fro m e le cting to pursue his o rdinary re me d y b y suit at law o r in e q uity: The Chairman, any Co mmissio ne r, Lab o r Arb ite r o r the ir duly autho rize d re pre se ntative s, may, at any time during wo rking ho urs, co nduct an o cular inspe ctio n o n any e stab lishme nt, b uilding , ship o r ve sse l, place o r pre mise s, including any wo rk, mate rial, imple me nt, machine ry, appliance o r any o b je ct the re in, and ask any e mplo ye e , lab o re r, o r any pe rso n, as the case may b e , fo r any info rmatio n o r data co nce rning any matte r o r q ue stio n re lative to the o b je ct o f the inve stig atio n.

In any pro ce e ding b e fo re the Co mmissio n o r any Lab o r Arb ite r, the partie s may b e re pre se nte d b y le g al co unse l b ut it shall b e the duty o f the Chairman, any Pre siding Co mmissio ne r o r Co mmissio ne r o r any Lab o r Arb ite r to e xe rcise co mple te co ntro l o f the pro ce e ding s at all stag e s.

Any pro visio n o f law to the co ntrary no twithstanding , the Lab o r Arb ite r shall e xe rt all e ffo rts to wards the amicab le se ttle me nt o f a lab o r dispute within his jurisdictio n o n o r b e fo re the first he aring.

The same rule shall apply to the Co mmissio n in the e xe rcise o f its o rig inal jurisdictio n. The Com m ission or any Labor Arbiter shall have the power to ask the assistance of other governm ent officials and qualified private citizens to act as com pulsory arbitrators on cases referred to them and to fix and assess the fees of such com pulsory arbitrators, taking into account the nature of the case, the time consum ed in hearing the case, the professional standing of the arbitrators, the financial capacity of the parties, and the fees provided in the Rules of Court.

The former Department of Labor and Employment Secretary Rosalinda Dimapilis-Baldoz on September 7, issued Rules clarifying the application of just and authorized causes of termination of employment under Articles of the Labor Code, as amended, through Department Order No.

The Rules expressly provides as well that for acts or omissions to be considered as analogous causes, the same must be expressly specified in company rules and regulations or policies. This regulation requires those analogous causes to be expressed, for instance, in the company Code of Conduct or Code of Discipline.

The Supreme Court ruled in one case that Theft committed against a co-employee is considered as a case analogous to serious misconduct, for which the penalty of dismissal from service may be meted out to the erring employee. Cosmos Bottling Corporation vs. Fermin, G. Share this post.