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In Excel, macro code is a programming code which is written in VBA (Visual Basic Don't Forget to download this free PDF checklist where I've added all these. Workshop Resources echecs16.info~gz/echecs16.info Lesson materials: Learning Slides[.pdf]. Exercises - Blank [.xlsx]. Exercises - Filled. This guide targets novice developers and those new to Excel Macros. After completing When you record a macro, Excel stores it as a VBA code. You can view Microsoft provided with the Macro Security facility that helps you in protecting.
The PageSetup. RightHeader property. Row Orientation property for purposes of setting the xlPageOrientation value that specifies the page orientation. The Orientation property can take the following 2 values: xlPortrait or 0, which as in this example represents portrait mode. PrintArea property , you can set the print area.
In the example above, the file is saved to a OneDrive folder called Power Spreadsheets. You don't necessarily need to hard-code all of the details in the Filename parameter.
You can, for example, concatenate different items for purposes of building a more flexible filename structure. In other words, if you use this Filename structure, the new PDF file is saved in the same folder as the source Excel workbook.
The reason for this is that the Workbook. Path property returns a string with the complete path to the relevant workbook. In the case of the example above, the relevant workbook is the active Excel workbook returned by the Application.
ActiveWorkbook property. You can take this flexibility even further. Name property using the Application. ActiveSheet property to return the name of the active worksheet as the actual filename within the Filename parameter. The file path continues to be provided by the Workbook. Path property. In this particular case, the macro uses i the Application. ActiveSheet and Worksheet. Range properties to return cell F5, and ii the Range.
Value property to return the value within that cell. You can achieve similar results using slightly different structures.
For example, in this forum thread at Chandoo. Luke M. In some circumstances, you may find that making such declaration instead of simply using the Range. Value property directly in the Filename parameter as I do above is more appropriate. Whenever you use a worksheet cell as the source for the PDF filename as in the example above , make sure that the cell contains no forbidden characters.
The VBA code samples that I provide in this section are just some of the examples of the different ways you can work with and generate the Filename argument of the ExportAsFixedFormat method. As you can see, Visual Basic for Applications provides significant flexibility in this regard. Even though the topic isn't precisely the same as that of this blog post, some of the principles and examples I provide there may be helpful to you when working with the Filename parameter of the ExportAsFixedFormat VBA method.
This allows the user of your VBA application to specify the full path and filename. I cover the Application. Gets the filename that the user enters in the Save As dialog box. Doesn't actually save or export a file. More precisely: Block 1 is a With… End With block that appears in macro examples 3 where I explain each line of code , 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Block 2, which uses the Worksheet. ExportAsFixedFormat method, is substantially the same as the equivalent blocks of code in macro examples 2 where it is explained in detail , 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. The only difference is in the Filename parameter, which is the topic we're focusing on in this section. I cover the topic of VBA variables in more detail here and here. A variable is simply a storage location that you pair with a name.
You use the variable to represent a certain value. In this example, I use the PdfFilename variable for purposes of storing the filename that the user enters into the Save As dialog box displayed by the Application.
GetSaveAsFilename method in block 3 below. The PdfFilename variable is of the Variant data type. Variant is the default data type. As explained by Excel guru John Walkenbach in Excel VBA Programming for Dummies, it's main characteristic is the fact that it changes type depending on the particular scenario.
Even though Variant isn't the most efficient data type, it's probably the most desirable for this particular case. The reason for this, as explained at cpearson.
Variant is able to handle both of these situations and allows your macro to be more flexible. The value that is assigned to PdfFilename is the file name provided by the user through the Save As dialog. This Save As dialog box is displayed by the Application. If the active workbook has not been saved, Excel's default save folder is used. The folder is filtered, to show only the PDF files that it contains. You can also select another folder --just browse to a different location.
Then, click the Save button, or click Cancel, if you change your mind. If you click Cancel, the value of myFile is "False", and nothing more happens -- the macro ends. If you click Save, the PDF file is created.
Macro 2 - No Prompt The previous macro creates a default name with a time stamp, based on the active sheet name. It prompts you to select a folder for the saved PDF file, and you can change the default name, if you prefer something different. In the macro below, the default name is based on the values in cells A1, A2 and A3 on the active sheet. In the format string shown below, a backslash is entered before the underscore, to indicate it is a literal character. Otherwise, Excel would interpret the underscore as the spacing character that is used in Excel number formatting.
If the active workbook has been saved, its path is used. If the active workbook has not been saved, Excel's default save folder is used.
The folder is filtered, to show only the PDF files that it contains. You can also select another folder --just browse to a different location. Then, click the Save button, or click Cancel, if you change your mind. If you click Cancel, the value of myFile is "False", and nothing more happens -- the macro ends. If you click Save, the PDF file is created.