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Editorial Reviews. About the Author. William Roberts Clark is associate professor of political science at the University of Michigan. He is the author of Capitalism. William Roberts Clark; Matt Golder; Sona Nadenichek Golder. Exploring the debates about political issues that drive current research, this text provides a real insight into comparative politics. Add tags for "Principles of comparative politics". The groundbreaking first edition of Principles of Comparative Politics offered the most comprehensive and up-to-date view of the rich world of.
Methodology[ edit ] The comparative method is — together with the experimental method , the statistical method and the case study approach — one of the four fundamental scientific methods which can be used to test the validity of theoretical propositions, often with the use of empirical data i. Most Similar Systems Design, or MSSD, is very helpful since it compares similar objects, it keeps many otherwise confusing and irrelevant variables in the research constant. In a basic sense, MSSD starts out with similar variables between subjects and tries to figure out why the outcome is different between the subjects. The main shortcoming that is said about this method is that when comparing countries, since there are such a limited number of them, all potential factors of explanation can never be kept altogether constant. As such, despite many possibilities of variables, there are only a limited number of cases to apply them to.
Michael Jordan would likely be able to, say, paint his house quickly, owing to his abilities as well as his impressive height. Hypothetically, say that Michael Jordan could paint his house in 8 hours. By contrast, Jordan's neighbor Joe could paint the house in 10 hours.
In this example, Joe has a comparative advantage, even though Michael Jordan could paint the house faster and better. The best trade would be for Michael Jordan to film a television commercial and pay Joe to paint his house.
Owing to their diversity of skills, Michael Jordan and Joe would likely find this to be the best arrangement for their mutual benefit. Key Takeaways Comparative advantage suggests that countries will engage in trade with one another, exporting the goods that they have a relative advantage in productivity.
The theory was first introduced by David Ricardo in the year Absolute advantage refers to the uncontested superiority of a country to produce a particular good better.
Comparative advantage introduces opportunity cost as a factor for analysis in choosing between different options for production. Comparative Advantage Versus Absolute Advantage Comparative advantage is contrasted with absolute advantage.
Absolute advantage refers to the ability to produce more or better goods and services than somebody else.
Comparative advantage refers to the ability to produce goods and services at a lower opportunity cost, not necessarily at a greater volume or quality. To see the difference, consider an attorney and her secretary. The attorney is better at producing legal services than the secretary and is also a faster typist and organizer. In this case, the attorney has an absolute advantage in both the production of legal services and secretarial work. Nevertheless, they benefit from trade thanks to their comparative advantages and disadvantages.
Here, the role of opportunity cost is crucial. Her opportunity cost of secretarial work is high. She is better off by producing an hour's worth of legal services and hiring the secretary to type and organize.
The secretary is much better off typing and organizing for the attorney; his opportunity cost of doing so is low. Some economic historians suggest that it was actually David Ricardo's editor, James Mill, who slipped in the theory of comparative advantage which is only a short section into Principles. They argue that the theory seems inconsistent with the bulk of the book and its labor theory of value.
Comparative Advantage Versus Competitive Advantage A competitive advantage refers to a company, economy, country, or individual's ability to provide a stronger value to consumers as compared with its competitors.
It is similar to but distinct from comparative advantage. Comparative Advantage in International Trade David Ricardo famously showed how England and Portugal both benefit by specializing and trading according to their comparative advantages. In this case, Portugal was able to make wine at a low cost, while England was able to cheaply manufacture cloth. Ricardo predicted that each country would eventually recognize these facts and stop attempting to make the product that was more costly to generate.
Indeed, as time went on, England stopped producing wine, and Portugal stopped manufacturing cloth. Both countries saw that it was to their advantage to stop their efforts at producing these items at home and, instead, to trade with each other in order to acquire them.
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Sort order. One of the better textbooks I have read. Covers just about every topic regarding comparative politics. The book fully explained numerous theories along with analytical frameworks and provided empirical data to push some more than others. Political bias was minimal.
Students required to use this text: A great reference book on politics, specifically the comparative field.
One of its strengths is its freshness: It was published in View 1 comment. I want electronic copy.
This textbook is very effective in its methods of communicating the basic principles of comparative politics. While dense in information, at no point did I feel lost in my understanding of the concepts being covered. The ordering of the chapters allowed the information to naturally flow from the theoretical to the practical, and most provided helpful insights on potential subjects for further research; therefore, I would definitely recommend this to beginning students of political science.
I used this book for my comparative politics class. It's very informative but very dense and hard to read continuously. Nick Ciggelakis rated it it was amazing Jul 10, Ashrakat Elshehawy rated it liked it Jan 13, Ana Cabral rated it it was amazing Dec 28, Cyn Carpenter rated it did not like it Sep 04, Pshtiwan rated it it was amazing Mar 05, Vince Jeffrey rated it really liked it Nov 28, Caitlin rated it it was amazing Feb 11, Luke Charters rated it liked it Jan 31, Charyl Qian rated it it was amazing Mar 02, Ellen Li rated it it was amazing Dec 07, Maria rated it did not like it Jul 03, Rina rated it really liked it Sep 30, Sally rated it it was amazing Oct 12, Aaron rated it it was amazing Oct 21, Fran rated it liked it Dec 21, Erdoan A.