Worlds in Collision by Immanuel Velikovsky (free PDF file) is an essential book for the Electric Universe theory (EU theory) and chronology revisionists. Worlds in Collision is a book written by Immanuel Velikovsky and first published April 3, .. Skeptic, 3 (4), pdf>; Cochrane, Ev (). Velikovsky still in collision. Skeptic, 3 (4) . Immanuel Velikovsky's book on global planetary catastrophes documented in Worlds in Collision is the first book written by Immanuel Velikovsky and first .. pdf>; Cochrane, Ev ().
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|ePub File Size:||18.63 MB|
|PDF File Size:||20.64 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
WORLDS IN COLLISION. IMMANUEL VELIKOVSKY. First published in The author gratefully acknowledges permission to quote from the following books. no pages , , , in the original page numbering. This book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any form or by Hardison for coaching and friendship beyond th.
Dedicated to: Elisheva Velikovsky. Worlds in Collision. Ages in Chaos. Earth in Upheaval. Oedipus and Akhnaton. Peoples of the Sea.
The Book of Mormon propounds the catastrophic doctrine - massive world change in a matter of minutes or hours. Many of our hymns - the same thing.
Eliza R. Snow spoke much of massive world change when portions of the earth were cleaved off with portions of the world's inhabitants at the time.
She was given much of what she had directly from Joseph's mouth. Stuff he dared not share with the general populace of the day. Even members of the Church at the time would have called for his head for saying that stuff out loud - and this before the current science worship had become entrenched.
Science be damned - when the actual event occurs. What so many smugly knew - will crumble before their eyes, though they refuse to see. Such will become dust in the wind and their bones will bleach for 1, years. Delta, New York. Rohl, David A Test of Time. Arrow Books. Talbott, Stephen L.
Velikovsky Reconsidered. Warner Books, New York. Worlds in Collision is the first book written by Immanuel Velikovsky and first published on April 3, , by Macmillan Publishers. Velikovsky, Immanuel Worlds in Collision, Macmillan.
Ellenberger, C. Leroy Kronos, 9 2 , The 20 weeks at the top stated by Juergens in The Velikovsky Affair is incorrect. See: Worlds in Collision as bestseller Despite this popularity, overwhelming rejection of its thesis by the scientific community led Macmillan to stop publishing it and to transfer the book to Doubleday within two months Friedlander I spent ten years on this work.
I found that the collective memory of mankind spoke of a series of global catastrophes that occurred in historical times.
I believed that I could even identify the exact times and the very agents of the great upheavals of the more recent past. In these wars the planet earth participated too. Then, in the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, Mars itself displaced by Venus made close approaches to the Earth; this incident caused a new round of disturbances and disasters.
These events lead to several key statements: Venus must be still very hot as young planets radiate heat. Venus experienced in quick succession its birth and expulsion under violent conditions; an existence as a comet on an ellipse which approached the sun closely; two encounters with the earth accompanied by discharges of potentials between these two bodies and with a thermal effect caused by conversion of momentum into heat; a number of contacts with Mars and probably also with Jupiter.
Since all this happened between the third and the first millennia before the present era, the core of the planet Venus must still be hot.
If and as long as Venus is too hot for the liquefaction of petroleum, the hydrocarbons will circulate in gaseous form. The absorption lines of the petroleum spectrum lie far in the infra-red where usual photographs do not reach.
When the technique of photography in the infra-red is perfected so that hydrocarbon bands can be differentiated, the spectrogram of Venus may disclose the presence of hydrocarbon gases in its atmosphere, if these gases lie in the upper part of the atmosphere where the rays of the sun penetrate. Velikovsky suggested some additional ideas that he said derived from these claims, including: Jupiter emits radio noises.
The planet is cold, yet its gases are in motion. It appears probable to me that it sends out radio noises as do the sun and the stars. The sun has an electric potential of approximately volts.
The rotation of earth can be affected by electromagnetic fields. Velikovsky arrived at these proposals using a methodology which would today be called comparative mythology — he looked for concordances in myths and written history of unconnected cultures across the world, in particular following a rather literal reading of their accounts of the exploits of planetary deities. In this book, he argues on the basis of ancient cosmological myths from places as disparate as India and China , Greece and Rome , Assyria and Sumer.
For example, ancient Greek mythology asserts that the goddess Athena sprang from the head of Zeus. Velikovsky identifies Zeus whose Roman counterpart was the god Jupiter with the planet Jupiter.
This myth, along with others from ancient Egypt , Israel , Mexico , etc. Critical reaction and controversy The plausibility of the theory was summarily rejected by the physics community, as the cosmic chain of events proposed by Velikovsky was regarded as simply contradicting the basic laws of physics.
Shapley, along with others such as astronomer Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin also at Harvard , instigated a hostile campaign against the book before it was even published. Initially, they were highly critical of a publisher as reputable as Macmillian publishing such a seemingly disreputable book, even as a trade book,Gilbert, James Grove, J. The fundamental criticism against this book from the astronomy community was that its celestial mechanics were irreconcilable with Newtonian celestial mechanics , requiring planetary orbits which could not be made to conform to the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of angular momentum Bauer He proposed that electromagnetic forces could be the cause of the movement of the planets, although such forces between astronomical bodies is essentially zero Friedlander Velikovsky tried to protect himself from criticism of his celestial mechanics by removing the original Appendix on the subject from Worlds in Collision, hoping that the merit of his ideas would be evaluated on the basis of his comparative mythology and use of literary sources alone.
However this strategy did not protect him: the appendix was an expanded version of the Cosmos Without Gravitation monograph, which he had already distributed to Shapley and others in the late s — and they had regarded the physics within it as egregious. Carl Sagan wrote that the high surface temperature of Venus was known prior to Velikovsky, and that Velikovsky misunderstood the mechanism for this heat. Velikovsky believed that Venus was heated by its close encounter with the Earth and Mars.
He also did not understand the greenhouse effect on Venus, which had earlier been elucidated by astronomer Rupert Wildt. Ultimately, Venus is hot due to its proximity to the sun; it does not emit more heat than it receives from the sun, and any heat produced by its celestial movements would have long dissipated. Sagan notes that the presence of hydrocarbon gases such as petroleum gases on Venus was earlier suggested, and abandoned, again by Rupert Wildt, whose work is not credited by Velikovsky.
Also, the Mariner 2 probe was erroneously reported in the popular press to have discovered hydrocarbons on Venus.
Tim Callahan, religious editor of Skeptic, presses the case further in claiming that the composition of the atmosphere of Venus is a complete disproof of Worlds in Collision.
In fact, the atmosphere of Venus is made up mainly of carbon dioxide—carbon in its oxidized form—along with clouds of sulfuric acid. Skeptic, 13 4 , At the very least it orbit would have been profoundly changed, made tremendously elliptical.
Modern Science. The essential characteristics of the Jovian radio emission — that is is nonthermal, polarized, intermittent radiation, connected with the vast belts of charged particles which surround Jupiter, trapped by its strong magnetic field — are nowhere predicted by Velikovsky.
Merely guessing something right does not necessarily demonstrate prior knowledge or a correct theory. The meeting featured, among others, Velikovsky himself and Carl Sagan. His criticisms are present in his book : Reflections on the Romance of Science and is much longer than that given in the talk.
Sagan, Carl , : Reflections on the Romance of Science. Random House. Reissued by Ballantine Books. Cornell University Press. Likewise, we should not be surprised if a few elements of a few legends are coincidentally identical.
Ginenthal, Charles New Falcon Publications, Tempe Arizona.