Sep 30, The result, the Muye Dobo Tongji, is the only surviving classical text on the Korean arts of war. Based on the earliest known Korean martial arts. Muye Dobo Tongji: Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts - Ebook written by Duk-Moo Yi, Tŏng-mu Yi, Che-ga Pak. Read this book using Google Play. Jun 12, In , King Chongjo, ruler of the Yi dynasty, ordered General Yi Duk-moo to compile an official textbook on all martial art forms present in.
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In , King Chongjo, ruler of the Yi dynasty, ordered General Yi Duk-moo to compile an official textbook on all martial art forms present in Korea. The result, the Muye Dobo Tongji, is the only surviving classical text on the Korean arts of war. Based on the earliest known Korean. Editorial Reviews. Review. Carefully translated from the orginal, this book provides fascinating Dobo Tongji: Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts of Ancient Korea eBook: Duk-Moo Yi, Je-Ga Park, Sang H. Kim: Kindle Store. The result, the Muye Dobo Tongji, is the only surviving classical text on the Korean martial arts treatise, the Muye Chebo written in , the Muye Dobo Tongji.
Background[ edit ] As a result of the high frequency of warfare experienced in Northeast Asia, and in particular the destructive nature of the large number of invasions suffered by the Korean Peninsula, the majority of any documentation of Korean indigenous martial techniques and combat styles has been lost. Much of modern-day scholarship related to the classical or pre-modern Korean martial arts, in particular those that predate the Mongol invasions of Korea during which Korean palaces and libraries that would have contained many documents germane to the study of martial arts and combat self-defense were destroyed , relies on the study of the Samguk Sagi compiled by the scholar Kim Bu-sik and the Samguk Yusa compiled by the Buddhist monk Iryeon. Both works suggest that militant attitudes between and among the three major nations of the Korean Three Kingdoms Period 37 BCE - AD resulted in each nation developing an institution for training its warriors in martial arts and military sciences. These pirate attacks, as well as raids from the uncontrolled regions in southern Manchuria, provided the Korean state first as Goryeo and later as Joseon with some rationale for rebuilding Korean military installations and units. As a result, many national and local defense structures, as well as the training and practice of armed combat, was limited and just sufficient to repel small-scale raids and tribal attacks.
The material was intended to reflect a combat format in deference to Neo-Confucian thought, by having partners use matched methods which would only produce a "stalemate" rather than a victory of one partner over another. Though ideologically satisfactory, the practice rapidly fell into disuse for its lack of practical combat effectiveness.
With the advent of firearms as the predominant method of armed conflict, the methods and techniques in the Muyedobotongji largely became relegated to reference material. Many copies were lost or destroyed, along with much knowledge and practice of Korean military science and martial arts, in the latter years of the Joseon Dynasty, much of this occurring during the Japanese occupation of Korea in the first half of the 20th century.
Contents[ edit ] Volumes 1 through 3 focus primarily on polearms and swordsmanship.
The fourth volume covers unarmed combat gwonbeop "boxing" , blunt weapons staff and flail and equestrian skills. Original to the Muyedobotongji are six methods of mounted combat : Gichang spear fighting on horseback , Masang Ssanggeom twin swords on horseback , Masang Woldo crescent sword on horseback , Masang Pyeongon flail method on horseback , Gyeokgu ball game on horseback , Masang Jae horsemanship specialties, such as riding stunts commonly seen in circus acts.
It can also be made from a similarly soft wood, including bamboo in the right climate. It was considered the most effective conventional weapon on the battlefield due to its flexibility and length. The jang chang was widely used in the battle to retake Pyong-yang Fortress during the war between Chosun Korea and Japan. The middle spear was longer for deeper penetration.
It is between seven feet, six inches and eighteen feet long and has either an iron or wooden tip. The long sword is handled with both hands.
These frighteningly big, heavy swords were originally called "long swords" jangdo , or sometimes "applying sword" yonggum or "plain sword" pyunggum. Swords of this type came to be known during invasions of China since they were used by Japanese pirates invading China's coastal areas.
Wielding these swords, the Japanese pirates were capable of cutting long spears, or even enemy soldiers, in half with a single stroke. The long sword skills were therefore introduced to Korea in order to prepare its troops for combat against the Japanese pirates. Their use was studied during the Imjin Waeran. This sword can thank its name to commander Li Rusong.
This section represented the swords used by the hwarang from the Silla dynasty. A fighting skill using two swords, one in each hand. This was one of the most difficult skills to master.
Twin swords on horseback required even greater prowess. The fighter could attack and defend at the same time using two swords.
The well-known double swords folk dance Ssanggeommu was derived from this skill. This chapter counts for two separate methods. Staff techniques entail strike, stab, block, parry etc. Make the Bokhose Prone Tiger Posture moving forward and squatting.
Make the Hasahpse Pinning Posture turning to the left once and kicking the right hand with the left foot once. Immediately make the Dangdupose High Block Posture , blocking to the front with the left hand and covering the forehead with the right hand. Make the Kigose Flag Beating Posture clearing the left and right sides. Make the Joongsahpyungse Four Level Posture thrusting to the rear once with the right hand and left foot. Make the Dosahpse Throwing Posture looking back to the front.
Turn around , making the Dokiryongse Falling and Riding the Dragon Posture opening the left and right hands. Make the Yodanpyunse Single Whip Posture moving forward and kicking. Make the Maebokse Ambushing Posture moving forward again with the body flat and straight, then squat. Immediately make the Ilsahpbose Drizzling Walking Posture.
Make the Yodanpyunse Single Whip Posture. Contestant Two makes the Kooyuse Focus and Winning Posture blocking with the left and right hands, and retreating. Both immediately make the Pogase Throwing Shelf Posture , striking the right instep with the left and right hands, then make the Jumjoose Picking Elbow Posture.
Contestant One grabs the left shoulder of Contestant Two with his right hand, then Contestant Two puts his right arm under the right armpit of Contestant One, placing it over the throat and grabbing the left shoulder of his opponent.
Both turn their backs against each other, pulling with their left hands. Contestant One then puts his opponent on his back and throws him to the ground diagonally. Contestant Two spins his body and lands on the ground.