URDS Principles of Urban Design 4. THE IMAGE OF THE CITY. KEVIN LYNCH. Lynch, K. (), THE IMAGE OF THE CITY,. Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Image of the City. Kevin Lynch echecs16.info /echecs16.info Meg Davis. Activating Environments. INTRODUCTION Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well known city planner and designer, graduated from MIT.
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THE IMAGE OF THE CITY. Kevin Lynch. What does the city's form actually mean to the people who live there? What can the city planner do to make the city's. The Image Of The City Kevin echecs16.info - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. The Image Of The City Kevin echecs16.info PDF | Exactly half a century ago, the MIT-scholar Kevin Lynch published The Image of the City (). The book was agenda-setting, thanks to its original.
In this book, Lynch argues that people in urban situations orient themselves by means of mental maps. He compares three American cities Boston, Jersey City, and Los Angeles and looks at how people orient themselves in these cities. A central notion in this book is that of legibility also called imageability and visibility. People who move through the city engage in way-finding. They need to be able to recognize and organize urban elements into a coherent pattern.
In my view this book is an incredible valuable work to understand how people perceive, inhabit and move around in the urban landscape. It shows that urban space is not just composed of its physical characteristics but equally by representations in mental images.
Mobility is not just the potential for free-flowing movement but heavily relies on structuring and identifying the environment through the aid of mental maps. The element of visibility is crucial here. Lynch is talking about elements of the city that are publicly visible to all people.
But what happens when people increasingly rely on private and idiosyncratic points of orientation through their portable devices? Locative media add invisible layers of social meanings to the city that are only visible through a different interface the mobile screen , accessible to others elsewhere, although often only to those who are members of that service or community.
To what extend will mobile and locative devices come to act as filters for coping with the torrent of information, or actually become part of the problem itself?
Are locative services undermining the potential for exploration and unexpected encounters with new places and people, when our movements are guided and goal-oriented?
Lynch work also introduces a question that is especially relevant nowadays. Is our capacity for orientation and way-finding something we learn and thus can unlearn as well when we externalize this to our GPS navigation devices, see earlier posts on this blog here , here , here , and here , or is it innate to people as well as other animals?
Finally, some more critical remarks. Lynch primarily emphasizes the role of the visual sense.
He says how people find their way in the city by relying on vision. Other faculties such as hearing and even smelling are lacking in his work. Some later authors have stressed the role of sound in experiencing the city e. This is odd since Lynch so prominently uses the term legibility in his work. Of course it could be countered that media did not play such a big role in the urban context at the time of writing of this book but this misses the point that cities from their inception have been inscribed by signs and media, as Malcolm McCullough so clearly demonstrated in his keynote speech at The Mobile City To what extend do locative media accurately or insightfully map our experience of environment?
To what extend do locative media teach us to see and experience our environment? To what extend do locative media enable us to shape and modify our environment? Michiel de Lange. Michiel, this is a nice bit of work, good to read a fresh perspective. Thanks for the review. I admired that you pointed out only visual sense is dominated in the text and others neglected; for the ones who are interested in senses in built environment, I will suggest writings of Juhani Pallasmaa.
Thanks a lot for the review Michael. You give a clear idea of the content so I know what to read up!
I am an architect recently working on a research project in Milan, Italy, titled: Would like to keep in contact. Great blog g. Hi Giorgio, thanks for your comment. Sounds interesting, this project www. I like how you try to involve more than just vision to cognitively map urban places. He is the co-founder of The Mobile City , an independent research group founded in that investigates the influence of digital media technologies on urban life and the implications for urban design and policy.
Here he worked on several projects at the intersection of ICTs and the city, e. He also volunteered and worked for Cybersoek , a computer neighborhood center in Amsterdam. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Would appreciate to contact to see some colaboration between universities. Joshua Buctuan good day sir! Sukhleen Kaur , Show More. No Downloads.
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City sense and city design: Good city form 4. Managing the sense of a region 5. Site planning 6. Wasting away 7.
Image of the city 5. What Time is this Place? Time place is a continuum of the mind, as fundamental as the space time that may be the ultimate reality of the material world.
Kevin Lynch's book deals with this human sense of time, a biological rhythm that may follow a different beat from that dictated by external, "official," "objective" timepieces.
The center of his interest is on how this innate sense affects the ways we view and change or conserve, or destroy our physical environment, especially in the cities. Good City Form Lynch looks at connections between human values and the physical forms of cities, sets requirements for a normative theory of city form, reviews earlier physical images of what utopian communities might be, sees what is to be learned from hellish images, and helps us place city forms into one or another of three theoretic constructs; cosmic or ceremonial centers, the machine city, and the city as an organism.
Managing the Sense of a Region Couched in the deceptively modest format of an essay with several appendixes , proposes a far-ranging program of activity for the planning and design profession. Modes of diagnosis, policy-making, regulation, and design are followed by an outline proposing how a regional agency might undertake a program to improve the sensory quality of a region. The essay concludes with discussions of the thornier issues of environmental management, the question of selecting priorities, and the relations of sensory quality to conservation, ecology, politics, and behavioral science.
Site Planning Site Planning has remained the only comprehensive source of information on all the principal - activities and concerns of arranging the outdoor physical environment.
This is followed by a case study of a typical professional project and ten chapters which provide new materials on user analysis, programming, site planning for built places, housing tenures and their planning implications, cost estimating, mapping, the reading of air photographs, site design for housing in developing countries, design strategies, environmental impact analyses, and many others - all illustrated within-text photographs and line drawings and with Lynch's characteristic marginal sketches.
Wasting Away A comprehensive overview of waste processes in the natural world and in human cultures of many eras and lands, discussing military waste, vandalism and wrecking, arson, scavenging, ab andonment and dereliction, and reuse.
Image of the City What does the city's form actually mean to the people who live there? What can the city planner do to make the city's image more vivid and memorable to the city dweller? To answer these questions, Mr. Lynch, supported by studies of Los Angeles, Boston, and Jersey City, formulates a new criterion-imageability--and shows its potential value as a guide for the building and rebuilding of cities.
The wide scope of this study leads to an original and vital method for the evaluation of city form. The architect, the planner, and certainly the city dweller will all want to read this book. Along with actual city, mental representations contain many unique elements.
Channels by which people move along. Dividing lines between 2 phases. Are medium to large sections of the city, characterized by a wealthy neighborhood.