The Gandhi Heritage Portal is a complete repository of authentic Works STORY OF MY EXPERIMENTS WITH TRUTH (Tamil) . Book Part. Gandhiji Biography in Tamil &English - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Gandhiji Biography in Tamil &English. Mahatma Gandhi's autobiography, An Autobiography or The Story of My Experiment with Truth. Read online, download PDF version or read abridged version.
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Uttamchand Gandhi, alias Ota Gandhi, my grandfather, must have been a man of principle. State . somehow my eyes fell on a book downloadd by my father. Copies Specially Prepared for Use in Indian Schools. THE STORY OF MY LIFE. BY. M. K. GANDHI. Abridged and Simplified with Topics for Essays by. Free Download Gandhi Books in PDF | EPUB | MOBI format at one click (Right click Abridged Gandhi Autobiography: Download Complete Ebook free PDF.
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Mahadevan Non-violent Warrior -Dr. Gandhi The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism -by: Gandhi Nature Cure -by: Gandhi Diet and Diet Reform -by: Gandhi Pathway to GOD -by: Gandhi My God -By: Gandhi Ramanama -By: Gandhi Discourses on the Gita -by: Gandhi Essence of Hinduism -By: Gandhi My Religion -by: Gandhi Village Industries -by: Gandhi Panchayat Raj -by: Gandhi Ashram Observances in Action -by: Gandhi Village Swaraj -by: Gandhi Gandhiji on Villages -Compiled by: Divya Joshi Gandhi Katha -by: Umashankar Joshi Gandhiji -by: Sarojini Sinha The Story of Gandhi -by: Prabhu Bapu -My Mother -By: Manubehn Gandhi Ba and Bapu -By: Mukulbhai Kalarthi This was Bapu -Compiled by: Prabhu Mr.
The Man -By: Vishwanath Tandon The Voice of Truth -by: Gandhi Bahuroopi Gandhi -by: Non-cooperation movement Gandhi employed non-cooperation.
Gandhi criticized both the actions of the British Raj and the retaliatory violence of Indians. He authored the resolution offering condolences to British civilian victims and condemning the riots which. Without Gandhi's uniting personality. Gandhi called off the campaign of mass civil disobedience. Fearing that the movement was about to take a turn towards violence. Gandhi was invested with executive authority on behalf of the Indian National Congress. Linked to this was his advocacy that khadi homespun cloth be worn by all Indians instead of British-made textiles.
Gandhi expanded his non-violence platform to include the swadeshi policy — the boycott of foreign-made goods. Uttar Pradesh. Gandhi exhorted Indian men and women. In addition to boycotting British products. Gandhi urged the people to boycott British educational institutions and law courts. Gandhi was arrested on 10 March Membership in the party was opened to anyone prepared to pay a token fee. Under his leadership. A hierarchy of committees was set up to improve discipline.
Sabarmati Ashram. He was released in February for an appendicitis operation. Gandhi attempted to bridge these differences through many means. Gandhi's home in Gujarat In December This was a strategy to inculcate discipline and dedication to weed out the unwilling and ambitious. He began his sentence on 18 March The result was a boycott of the commission by Indian political parties.
Gandhi had not only moderated the views of younger men like Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru. This campaign was one of his most successful at upsetting British hold on India. Gandhi stayed out of active politics and as such limelight for most of the s. The Gandhi—Irwin Pact was signed in March Gandhi pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December calling on the British government to grant India dominion status or face a new campaign of non-cooperation with complete independence for the country as its goal.
Gujarat to make salt himself. The government. Salt Satyagraha Gandhi at Dandi. This day was commemorated by almost every other Indian organization. Gandhi then launched a new satyagraha against the tax on salt in March Gandhi was also invited to attend the Round Table Conference in London as the sole. On 31 December Thousands of Indians joined him on this march to the sea.
Britain responded by imprisoning over The year before.
The British did not respond. As a result of the pact. He returned to the fore in The British Government agreed to set all political prisoners free in return for the suspension of the civil disobedience movement. Gandhi was again arrested. The conference was a disappointment to Gandhi and the nationalists. Ambedkar and his allies also felt Gandhi was undermining Dalit political rights. This was the start of a new campaign by Gandhi to improve the lives of the untouchables.
He did not disagree with the party's move. When the Congress Party chose to contest elections and accept power under the Federation scheme. Ambedkar condemned Gandhi's use of the term Harijans as saying that Dalits were socially immature. This new campaign was not universally embraced within the Dalit community.
Lord Willingdon. Gandhi embarked on a six-day fast in September In the summer of Gandhi decided to resign from party membership. On 8 May Gandhi began a day fast of self-purification to help the Harijan movement. In protest. Lord Irwin's successor. Mahadev Desai left reading out a letter to Gandhi from the viceroy at Birla House.
After lengthy deliberations. Gandhi's main points of contention with Bose were his lack of commitment to democracy. Gandhi declared that India could not be party to a war ostensibly being fought for democratic freedom.
Gandhi intensified his demand for independence. As the war progressed. Gandhi had a clash with Subhas Bose.
Bose won his second term despite Gandhi's criticism. Although Gandhi desired a total focus on the task of winning independence and not speculation about India's future. Gandhi had favored offering "non-violent moral support" to the British effort.
Gandhi also did not want to prove a target for Raj propaganda by leading a party that had temporarily accepted political accommodation with the Raj. This was Gandhi's and the Congress Party's most definitive revolt aimed at securing the British exit from Indian shores. All Congressmen elected to resign from office en masse. Gandhi returned to the head in At the end of the war.
It was here that Gandhi suffered two terrible blows in his personal life. Gandhi's handwriting. Some felt that opposing Britain in its life or death struggle against the evil of Nazism was immoral. His year old secretary Mahadev Desai died of a heart attack 6 days later and his wife Kasturba died after 18 months imprisonment in 22 February Quit India became the most forceful movement in the history of the struggle. He even clarified that this time the movement would not be stopped if individual acts of violence were committed.
Although the Quit India movement had moderate success in its objective. Gandhi and his supporters made it clear they would not support the war effort unless India were granted immediate independence. At this point Gandhi called off the struggle. Thousands of freedom fighters were killed or injured by police gunfire. He was released before the end of the war on 6 May because of his failing health and necessary surgery.
Gandhi was held for two years in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune. A devastated Gandhi gave his assent. Congress leaders knew that Gandhi would viscerally oppose partition. Leaders like Sardar Patel feared that Pakistan would use the money to bankroll the war against India. Gandhi feared that instability and insecurity in Pakistan would increase their anger against India.
He further feared that Hindus and Muslims would renew their enmity and that this would precipitate open civil war. Despite the Indo- Pakistani War of Muslim and Sikh community leaders. Gandhi was also devastated when demands resurged for all Muslims to be deported to Pakistan. He conducted extensive dialogue with Muslim and Hindu community leaders. Gandhi's closest colleagues had accepted partition as the best way out.
Between and Gandhi thus broke his fast by sipping orange juice.
After emotional debates with his life-long colleagues. He launched his last fast-unto-death in Delhi. Freedom and partition of India Gandhi advised the Congress to reject the proposals the British Cabinet Mission offered in Additionally Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Gandhi was vehemently opposed to any plan that partitioned India into two separate countries. The partition plan was approved by the Congress leadership as the only way to prevent a wide-scale Hindu-Muslim civil war.
An overwhelming majority of Muslims living in India. Gandhi refused to budge. Most were immersed at the Sangam at Allahabad on 12 February but some were secretly taken away. Assassination See also: Gandhi's ashes at Aga Khan Palace Pune. On 30 January the contents of another urn were immersed at Girgaum Chowpatty by the family after a Dubai-based businessman had sent it to a Mumbai museum. On 30 January The assassin. Perhaps I am wrong to say that. Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were later tried and convicted.
Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the nation through radio: Friends and comrades. Bapu as we called him. Gandhi was shot and killed while having his nightly public walk on the grounds of the Birla Bhavan Birla House in New Delhi. Our beloved leader. New Delhi.
These are widely believed to be Gandhi's last words after he was shot. Gandhi's memorial or Sam dhi at R j Gh t. The family is aware that these enshrined ashes could be misused for political purposes but does not want to have them removed because it would entail breaking the shrines. Nathuram Godse. Tushar Gandhi immersed the contents of one urn. Gandhi did not balk from taking them to their most logical extremes in envisioning a world where even government.
Gandhi's principles See also: Gandhism Truth Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth. He would later change this statement to "Truth is God". The science of non-violence alone can lead one to pure democracy. Gandhi summarized his beliefs first when he said "God is Truth". Satya Truth in Gandhi's philosophy is "God".
It is a blasphemy to say non-violence can be practiced only by individuals and never by nations which are composed of individuals. The concept of nonviolence ahimsa and nonresistance has a long history in Indian religious thought and has had many revivals in Hindu..
The nearest approach to purest anarchy would be a democracy. The quotations below are from the book "For Pacifists.
There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seem invincible. I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. Power based on love is thousand times more effective and permanent than power derived from fear of punishment..
He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself. Gandhi stated that the most important battle to fight was overcoming his own demons. He was quoted as saying: Gandhi explains his philosophy and way of life in his autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Nonviolence Although Mahatama Gandhi was in no way the originator of the principle of non- violence. Jewish and Christian contexts.
To yield possession. Gandhi was aware that this level of nonviolence required incredible faith and courage. The unexpected spectacle of endless rows upon rows of men and women simply dying rather than surrender to the will of an aggressor must ultimately melt him and his soldiery. Such an army should be ready to cope with any emergency.. A society organized and run on the basis of complete non-violence would be the purest anarchy I have conceded that even in a non-violent state a police force may be necessary Satyagraha truth-force brigades can be organized in every village and every block of buildings in the cities.
If they do not give you free passage out. The level of non-violence in that nation. Theirs will be the duty of bringing warring communities together. He therefore advised that everyone need not keep to nonviolence.
A nation or group which has made non-violence its final policy cannot be subjected to slavery even by the atom bomb. You will invite Herr Hitler and Signor Mussolini to take what they want of the countries you call your possessions.
If these gentlemen choose to occupy your homes. A non-violent army acts unlike armed men.. The people will instinctively render them every help and through mutual cooperation they will easily deal with the ever decreasing disturbances. They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs. Violent quarrels between labor and capital and strikes will be few and far between in a non-violent state because the influence of the non-violent majority will be great as to respect the principle elements in society.
In accordance with these views.. Police ranks will be composed of believers in non-violence. The second way would be non-violent resistance by the people who have been trained in the non-violent way.
It must never be said of the Khudai Khidmatgars that once so brave. The Vegetarian. Before leaving for his studies in London. It was noted in his autobiography that vegetarianism was the beginning of his deep commitment to Brahmacharya. He held fast to his promise and gained more than a diet: Gandhi made a promise to his mother. Putlibai and his uncle. Gandhi had been a fruitarian.
He refused to eat until his death or his demands were met. Gandhi experimented with meat-eating. I would advise violence. Having also read and admired the work of Henry Stephens Salt. During this period. He never took dairy products obtained from cows because of his view. He abstained from eating for long periods.
Their bravery consisted not in being good marksmen but in defying death and being ever ready to bare their breasts to the bullets. The idea of vegetarianism is deeply ingrained in Hindu and Jain traditions in India. Becharji Swami that he would abstain from eating meat. Gandhi spent much time advocating vegetarianism during and after his time in London.
This was due partially to his inherent curiosity as well as his rather persuasive peer and friend Sheikh Mehtab. Josiah Oldfield. The Gandhi family was no exception. He wrote the book The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism and several articles on the subject. As Gandhi grew into adulthood. To Gandhi. For three and a half years. He dressed to be accepted by the poorest person in India. This influence was drawn from the Hindu principles of mauna Sanskrit: For Gandhi.
He called it "reducing himself to zero. He retired to his bedroom where carnal desires overcame him and he made love to his wife. He felt it his personal obligation to remain celibate so that he could learn to love.
On such days he communicated with others by writing on paper.
He believed that abstaining from speaking brought him inner peace. Brahmacharya meant "control of the senses in thought. This decision was deeply influenced by the philosophy of Brahmacharya — spiritual and practical purity — largely associated with celibacy and asceticism. Gandhi saw Brahmacharya as a means of becoming close with God and as a primary foundation for self realization.
He came to refer to this event as "double shame. Gandhi felt tremendous guilt and never could forgive himself. Brahmacharya When Gandhi was 16 his father became very ill. Shortly afterward a servant came to report that Gandhi's father had just died. In his autobiography he tells of his battle against lustful urges and fits of jealousy with his childhood bride.
On one occasion he returned the gifts bestowed to him from the natals for his diligent service to the community. Gandhi refused to read newspapers. Upon returning to India from South Africa. Being very devoted to his parents.
His simplicity began by renouncing the western lifestyle he was leading in South Africa. Gandhi's uncle came to relieve Gandhi for a while. Gandhi spent one day of each week in silence. When doubts haunt me. Some of his comments on various religions are: He subsequently wore a dhoti for the rest of his life to express the simplicity of his life.
As a common Hindu. Faith Gandhi was born a Hindu and practised Hinduism all his life. He also questioned what he saw as hypocrisy.
The Gujarati manuscript was translated into English by Mahadev Desai. I turn to the Bhagavad Gita.. Gandhi and his followers adopted the practice of weaving their own clothes from thread they themselves spun.
It was published with a Foreword by Gandhi in I owe it to the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita.
He was an avid theologian and read extensively about all major religions. My life has been full of tragedies and if they have not left any visible and indelible effect on me. He had the following to say about Hinduism: Gandhi believed that at the core of every religion was truth and love compassion. It was Gandhi's view that if Indians made their own clothes. While Indian workers were often idle due to unemployment. If untouchability could be a part of Hinduism. There is no such thing as religion over-riding morality.
Writings Gandhi's journals Gandhi was a prolific writer. These debates exemplify the philosophical differences between the two most famous Indians at the time. As Christian friends were endeavouring to convert me. Abdullah Seth had kept on inducing me to study Islam. I am also a Christian. Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore engaged in protracted debates more than once. Gandhi maintained this was because of the sin committed by upper caste Hindus by not letting untouchables in their temples Gandhi was committed to the cause of improving the fate of untouchables.
Indian Opinion while in South Africa and. What was the meaning of saying that the Vedas were the inspired Word of God? If they were inspired. For decades he edited several newspapers including Harijan in Gujarati. I do not like your Christians. I could not understand the raison d'etre of a multitude of sects and castes.
Hindi and English. Tagore vehemently opposed Gandhi's stance. Hindu defects were pressingly visible to me. On 15 January Books on Gandhi Several biographers have undertaken the task of describing Gandhi's life.
Followers and influence Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics.
Singh's later work with Dr. In his thesis built on Gandhi's own words. Singh argues that Gandhi had a racial dislike for the native black Africans and later against the white British in India. In the book. Leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States. Tim Watson called Gandhi Under Cross Examination argues that Gandhi himself gave various varying accounts of the famous train incident in South Africa and the authors argue that this incident did not happen as understood today.
Singh from the US Army wrote the book Gandhi: Behind the Mask of Divinity. Singh argues that much of the existing Gandhi literature has promulgated from Gandhi's own autobiographies and there is little critical review of Gandhi's words and actions. Satyagraha in South Africa about his struggle there.
Colonel G. The writings comprise about Young India. Gandhi usually wrote in Gujarati. Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule. The Indian government later withdrew the revised edition. Gandhi's complete works were published by the Indian government under the name The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi in the s. Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in eight volumes. Later Navajivan was also published in Hindi.
In addition. Tendulkar with his Mahatma. He also wrote extensively on vegetarianism. Gandhi also wrote a few books including his autobiography.
Among them. An Autobiography of My Experiments with Truth. Throughout my life. Anti-apartheid activist and former President of South Africa. In Europe. Benigno Aquino. Romain Rolland was the first to discuss Gandhi in his book Mahatma Gandhi.
Nelson Mandela. Madeleine Slade known as "Mirabehn" was the daughter of a British admiral who spent much of her adult life in India as a devotee of Gandhi.
Vice-President and environmentalist Al Gore spoke of Gandhi's influence on him. Others include Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. Lanza del Vasto went to India in intending to live with Gandhi.