Dec 21, My silent war; the Soviet master spy's own story External-identifier: urn:acs6: mysilentwarsovie00phil:pdf:2d5b03deada 3, Kim Philby was history's most successful spy. He was also an exceptional writer who gave us the great iconic story of the Cold War and. Sep 16, PDF [DOWNLOAD] My Silent War: The Autobiography of a Spy Book Details Author: Kim Philby Pages: Publisher: Arrow Brand.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|ePub File Size:||20.62 MB|
|PDF File Size:||13.47 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
My Silent War: The Autobiography of a Spy [Kim Philby, Phillip Knightly, Graham Greene] on Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App. Sep 24, In the annals of espionage, one name towers above all others: that of H.A.R. “Kim ” Philby, the ringleader of the legendary Cambridge spies. Jul 22, My silent war; the soviet master spy's own story by Kim Philby; 2 editions; First in ; Subjects: In library, Protected DAISY; People: Kim Philby () DAISY for print-disabled Download ebook for print-disabled (DAISY).
Aldro preparatory school is an all boys school located in Godalming, United Kingdom. The World Federation for the Relief of the Victims of German Fascism was an organization that attempted to aid the people victimized by fascism in Germany and provide education on oppositions to fascism. Friedmann joined the Communist Party and was shortly imprisoned by Austrian officials in for a few weeks. Philby admired the strength of her political convictions and later recalled that at their first meeting: [a] frank and direct person, Litzi came out and asked me how much money I had. You can give that to the International Organisation for Aid for Revolutionaries.
The obvious link between these four men is that they were together at the same university and became communists at roughly the same period under the influence of similar arguments and emotions, generated by national and international developments of the day. In addition, all shared a common social and educational background, as well as talents that would have enabled them to excel and Blunt did indeed excel in a more honourable way of life than that of espionage.
Not on your life! Auden and C. Isherwood Faber, This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview.
Download preview PDF. Notes and Reference I. Google Scholar 2. Seale and M. Google Scholar 3. Straight, After Long Silence London Google Scholar 4. He hated London, adored Paris, and spoke of it with deeply loving affection.
He was a man of considerable cultural background. Philby's first task for Otto was to make a list of his Cambridge contemporaries who might respond to discreet contact. He listed seven, including Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess. The school trained people for a career in diplomacy or the intelligence services. Philby was extremely interested in a career in intelligence services for the Soviet Union because of his belief in Communism.
Unfortunately, Philby's Russian was never good and he soon took a job at a monthly magazine, the World Review of Reviews, for which he wrote articles and letters sometimes under pseudonyms and occasionally served as acting editor. At this point, however, Philby and Litzi separated. They remained friends for many years following their separation and divorced only in , just following the end of World War II.
When the Germans threatened to overrun Paris in , where she was then living at this time, he arranged for her escape to Britain. In he began working at a trade magazine, the Anglo-Russian Trade Gazette, as editor. The paper was failing and its owner changed the paper's role to covering Anglo-German trade. Philby engaged in a concerted effort to make contact with Germans such as Joachim von Ribbentrop , at that time the German ambassador in London.
He joined the Anglo-German Fellowship. The Anglo-German Fellowship was an organization joined by membership aiming at rebuilding and supporting a friendly relationship between Germany and the United Kingdom. The Anglo-German Fellowship, at this time, was supported both by the British and German governments, and Philby made many trips to Berlin. Because of Philby's extensive writing background, finding jobs was never an issue. Philby began working, in the beginning, as a freelance journalist; from May , he served as a first-hand correspondent for The Times , reporting from the side of the pro-Franco forces.
The pro-Franco forces, at this time, were the Nationalists ; Falangists , Monarchists , and Catholics , led by General Francisco Franco, fighting against the Communists and the Anarchists.
He was also began working for both the Soviet and British intelligence. This work for the Soviet and British intelligence usually consisted of posting letters in a crude code to a fictitious girlfriend, Mlle Dupont in Paris, for the Russians.
When visiting Paris after the war, he was shocked to discover that the address that he used for Mlle Dupont was that of the Soviet Embassy. His successor, Boris Bazarov , suffered the same fate two years later during the purges. Both services were interested in the combat performance of the new Messerschmitt Bf s and Panzer I and IIs deployed with Nationalist forces in Spain. Philby told the British, after a direct question to Franco, that German troops would never be permitted to cross Spain to attack Gibraltar.
Theodore Maly was the son of a government official who studied theology and philosophy as a Roman Catholic with the intent on becoming a Priest, eventually landing as a Soviet intelligence officer during the s and s, illegally living in the countries where he worked.
So as to assist in Franco's assassination, Philby was instructed to report on vulnerable points in Franco's security and recommend ways to gain access to him and his staff. Johnson was killed outright, and Neil and Sheepshanks soon died of their injuries. Philby suffered only a minor head wound. As a result of this accident, Philby, who was well-liked by the Nationalist forces whose victories he trumpeted, was awarded the Red Cross of Military Merit by Franco on 2 March Philby found that the award proved helpful in obtaining access to fascist circles: "Before then," he later wrote, "there had been a lot of criticism of British journalists from Franco officers who seemed to think that the British in general must be a lot of Communists because so many were fighting with the International Brigades.
After I had been wounded and decorated by Franco himself, I became known as 'the English-decorated-by-Franco' and all sorts of doors opened to me. Krivitsky claimed that two Soviet intelligence agents had penetrated the British Foreign Office and that a third Soviet intelligence agent had worked as a journalist for a British newspaper during the civil war in Spain. No connection with Philby was made at the time. Krivitsky was shot in a Washington hotel room the following year.
At the same time, Burgess was trying to get her into MI6. But the resident Russian term for spymaster in France, probably Pierre at this time, suggested to Moscow that he suspected Philby's motives. The Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact , also known as the Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union, contained a vital secret protocol that Germany and the Soviet Union would divide Poland and obtain equal control, shocked Philby.
He often asked, "Why was this necessary? When Britain declared war on Germany in September , Philby's contact with his Soviet controllers was lost and Philby failed to attend the meetings that were necessary for his work.
He briefly reported from Cherbourg and Brest , sailing for Plymouth less than twenty-four hours before the French surrendered to Germany in the summer, June, of His time there, however, was short-lived; the under-funded section was eventually and quickly absorbed by the new Special Operations Executive SOE in July Burgess was fired for "irreverence",  and Philby was then appointed as an instructor in the art of clandestine propaganda at the SOE's training establishment in Beaulieu, Hampshire.
This role allowed him to conduct sabotage and instruct agents on how to properly conduct sabotage. Philby replied that none had been sent and that none were undergoing training at that time. This statement was underlined twice in red and marked with two question marks, clearly indicating their confusion and questioning of this, by disbelieving staff at Moscow Central in the Lubyanka , according to Genrikh Borovik, who saw the telegrams much later in the KGB archives.
Philby was originally a Section D officer and is so noted in a letter dated 24 September written by Lt.
Valentine Vivian , the head of Section V at that time. The first was ignored as a provocation, but the second, when this was confirmed by the Russo-German journalist and spy in Tokyo, Richard Sorge , contributed to Stalin's decision to begin transporting troops from the Far East in time for the counteroffensive around Moscow.
This section was responsible for offensive counter-intelligence. On the strength of his knowledge and experience of Franco's Spain, Philby was put in charge of the subsection which dealt with Spain and Portugal.
This entailed responsibility for a network of undercover operatives in several cities such as Madrid, Lisbon, Gibraltar and Tangier. At this time, the German Abwehr was active in Spain, particularly around the British naval base of Gibraltar, which its agents hoped to watch with many cameras and radars to track Allied supply ships in the Western Mediterranean. This committee dealt with double agents working for the Abwehr but was still controlled by the British.
In late Philby, on instructions from his KGB handler, maneuvered through the system successfully to replace Cowgill as head of Section. Angleton, later chief of the Central Intelligence Agency 's CIA Counterintelligence Staff , became suspicious of Philby when he failed to pass on information relating to a British agent executed by the Gestapo in Germany.
It later emerged that the agent — known as Schmidt — had also worked as an informant for the Rote Kapelle organisation, which sent information to both London and Moscow. Barclay reported the complaint to London. Philby claimed to have overheard discussion of this by chance and sent a report to his controller. These lapses by Philby aroused intense suspicion in Moscow. She noted that they produced an extraordinary wealth of information on German war plans but next to nothing on the repeated question of British penetration of Soviet intelligence in either London or Moscow.
Philby had repeated his claim that there were no such agents.
She asked, "Could the SIS really be such fools they failed to notice suitcase-loads of papers leaving the office? Could they have overlooked Philby's Communist wife? For a large sum of money, Volkov offered the names of three Soviet agents inside Britain, two of whom worked in the Foreign Office and a third who worked in counter-espionage in London.
Philby was given the task of dealing with Volkov by British intelligence. He warned his Soviet controller of his mission and proceeded to Istanbul — slowly. By the time he arrived in Turkey, three weeks later, Volkov had been found and hurriedly returned to Moscow, disguised in heavy bandages. Alerting Moscow of his mission, as well as the speed of his travel, might have compromised Philby's position within the SIS.
However, Volkov's defection had been discussed with the British Embassy in Ankara on telephones found to be tapped by Soviet intelligence. Volkov had insisted that all written communications about him take place by diplomatic bag rather than by telegraph, causing a belated reaction that plausibly could have given the Soviets time to uncover his plans.
Philby was thus able to evade blame and detection. When Jane Archer who had interviewed Krivitsky was appointed to Philby's section he moved her off investigatory work in case she became aware of his past. He later wrote "she had got a tantalising scrap of information about a young English journalist whom the Soviet intelligence had sent to Spain during the Civil War.
And here she was plunked down in my midst! His public position was that of First Secretary at the British Consulate; in reality, his intelligence work required overseeing British agents and working with the Turkish security services. But efforts among the expatriate community in Paris produced just two recruits.
Turkish intelligence took them to a border crossing into Georgia but soon afterwards shots were heard. Another effort was made using a Turkish gulet for a seaborne landing, but it never left port. He was implicated in a similar campaign in Albania. Colonel David Smiley , an aristocratic Guards officer who had helped Enver Hoxha and his Communist guerillas to liberate Albania, now prepared to remove Hoxha.
He trained Albanian commandos — some of whom were former Nazi collaborators — in Libya or Malta. From , they infiltrated the southern mountains to build support for former King Zog. The first three missions, overland from Greece, were trouble-free.
Larger numbers were landed by sea and air under Operation Valuable , which continued until , increasingly under the influence of the newly formed CIA. Most infiltrators were caught by the Sigurimi , the Albanian Security Service.
His own comment was "I do not say that people were happy under the regime but the CIA underestimated the degree of control that the Authorities had over the country. They knew the risks they were running. I was serving the interests of the Soviet Union and those interests required that these men were defeated. To the extent that I helped defeat them, even if it caused their deaths, I have no regrets.
Aileen Philby had suffered since childhood from psychological problems which caused her to inflict injuries upon herself. In , troubled by the heavy drinking and frequent depressions that had become a feature of her husband's life in Istanbul, she experienced a breakdown of this nature, staging an accident and injecting herself with urine and insulin to cause skin disfigurations.
Upon her return to Istanbul in late , she was badly burned in an incident with a charcoal stove and returned to Switzerland. Washington, D. Officially, his post was that of First Secretary to the British Embassy; in reality, he served as chief British intelligence representative in Washington. His office oversaw a large amount of urgent and top-secret communications between the United States and London.
Philby was also responsible for liaising with the CIA and promoting "more aggressive Anglo-American intelligence operations". Angleton remained suspicious of Philby, but lunched with him every week in Washington.
However, a more serious threat to Philby's position had come to light. During the summer of , a Soviet cipher clerk had reused a one time pad to transmit intelligence traffic. This mistake made it possible to break the normally impregnable code.