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Online Preview Reviews 0 Download Book Description Since the first edition was published in , Health Psychology has helped thousands of college students learn how to maintain their health and guard against illness. The goal of this book has always been to make research accessible in a way that integrates theory with practical applications so that people can lead healthier lives. The importance of social relationships, health behaviors, and co-management of health and illness are themes that are woven throughout the text. The Connect course for this offering includes SmartBook, an adaptive reading and study experience which guides students to master, recall, and apply key concepts while providing automatically-graded assessments. Its innovative and adaptive technology addresses a wide variety of student and instructor needs with a rich database of assignable and assessable activities, each attached to learning objectives. Connect, part of the Connect suite, is a web-based assignment and assessment platform that features a number of powerful tools that make managing assignments easier for instructors and learning and studying more engaging and efficient for students.
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The Nervous System A.
Overview B. The Brain C. The Role of Neurotransmitters D. Disorders of the Nervous System II. The Endocrine System A. The Adrenal Glands C. The Cardiovascular System A. The Heart C. Disorders of the Cardiovascular System D. Blood Pressure E. The Blood IV. The Respiratory System A. Disorders Associated with the Respiratory System D. Dealing with Respiratory Disorders V. The Functioning of the Digestive System C. Disorders of the Digestive System 2.
The Renal System A. The Reproductive System A. The Ovaries and Testes C. Fertilization and Gestation D. Genetics and Health A. Genetics and Susceptibility to Disorders IX. The Immune System A. Overview 3. Infection C. The Course of Infection D. Immunity E. Identify and describe the structure of the nervous system. Identify and describe the structure and function of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems. Differentiate between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, and describe their functions.
Differentiate between the medulla, pons, and cerebellum, and describe their functions. Describe the functions of the midbrain. Describe the structure of the forebrain. Differentiate between the thalamus and the hypothalamus, and describe their functions. Describe the structure and functions of the four lobes that make up the cerebral cortex. Describe the structure and functions of the limbic system. Describe the nature and functions of neurotransmitters. Identify and describe the common disorders of the nervous system.
Describe the structure and functions of the endocrine system. Describe the functions of the adrenal glands and their role in the endocrine system. Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular system. Describe the structure and function of the heart, and identify common disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Describe the factors that influence blood pressure. Describe the composition of blood, and identify common blood-related disorders. Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system, and identify common respiratory system disorders.
Describe the structure and function of the digestive system, and identify common digestive system disorders. Describe the structure and function of the renal system, and identify common disorders of the renal system. Describe the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems.
Explain the processes of fertilization and gestation. Identify common disorders of the reproductive system. Explain the inheritance of susceptibility to disease.
Explain the role of the health psychologist in genetics, and discuss genetic counseling. Describe the structure and function of the immune system. Describe the routes of disease transmission and the course of infection.
Describe the nature of immunity, and differentiate between nonspecific and specific immune mechanisms. Differentiate between humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Describe the role of the lymphatic system in immunity. Identify common disorders of the immune system. Lecture Suggestions 1. Definition of Systems: One important concept for students to get out of this chapter is that each of our body systems is interconnected and dependent on each other. For example, the heart will not beat unless the nervous system sends the proper signals.
The skeletal system depends on the digestive system for increase in size and strength, so if a child does not get the proper nutrients, the bones and muscles may not develop properly. The muscular system needs the respiratory and circulatory systems to supply energy in the form of blood flow distribution of oxygen and nutrients.
Thayer, Shelby S. Yamamoto, and Jos F. The body is thus viewed as a system or a collection of interrelated entities that work together.
Genetic Counseling: Another area of interest for students studying health psychology is genetic testing. Yet, getting tested and the prospects of being identified as having a harmful mutation can be stressful despite some benefits.
Gooding and colleagues propose a reduction in uncertainty, and an increase in control over the risk of getting a specific disease as benefits. For instance, coping with the stress can be better managed with positive coping role models, accurate empathy from family or friends, use of humor, and benefit finding. Baum and colleagues describe the benefits and the potential for psychological distress that may accompany risk analysis. Serretti and others examine biological processes and discuss the effects of drugs and environmental factors in moderating the effects of genes on psychiatric disorders.
MacBrayer reviews relevant literature and discusses her personal experience with the process. Rolland provides an overview of the family systems genetic illness FSGI model and highlights the importance of multicultural issues in genetic screening and testing and the need for further research in this area.
Schwartz and colleagues believe that genetic testing will transform how health professionals approach disease prevention strategies. The second part examines the gap between genetic information and treatment interventions, with an emphasis on lay knowledge and responses to genetic screening. Finally, Napolitano and Ogunseitan provide an overview of the possibilities and problems associated with the ethics of the application of genetic engineering techniques.
Their study examines the gender differences in attitudes toward genetic engineering as applied to human reproduction and thus provides an interesting set of questions for discussion. Recommended Reading 1. Noble, Mark I. World Scientific Publishing Company. This book explains the basic aspects of the cardiovascular system. This book also explains the disorders of the cardiovascular system using a series of case descriptions.
Multiple Choice Question Level: Conceptual 8. According to the humoral theory of illness, disease occurs when: God punishes one for wrong-doing. Multiple Choice Question Level: Factual 9. Each of the four humors has been associated with different personality types, in that blood has been associated with: a laid-back approach to life.
Multiple Choice Question Level: Factual According to the humoral theory of illness, yellow bile is known to be associated with: a laid-back approach to life. Page 3 of 15 sadness. The biomedical model maintains that: psychological and social processes are relevant to the disease process. The belief that profiles of particular disorders is caused by emotional conflict is propagated by the: theory of biophysics. According to the biopsychosocial model, which of the following is a macrolevel process that continually interacts with microlevel processes to influence health, illness and its course?
Which of the following is emphasized by the biopsychosocial model? Psychological conflict is sufficient to produce certain disorders. Certain biological disorders can be related on a consistent basis to specific personality types.
Certain disorders are best treated medically; however, other disorders are best treated using psychotherapy. Multiple Choice Question Level: Conceptual Which of the following is a characteristic of an acute disorder? It can only be managed, not cured. It is currently the main contributor to disability and death.
It is usually a long-term illness. Which of the following suggests that chronic illnesses helped in propagating the field of health psychology? Chronic illnesses are short-lived, and its management is simple. Psychological factors are the sole causes implicated in chronic illnesses. Chronic illnesses usually have no requirement for lengthy interventions.
According to the U. Judith is diagnosed with a lump in her gallbladder which must be surgically removed. The doctor and the hospital psychologist explain the procedure, the difficulties, and the benefits of undergoing the surgery. Judith is aware of the extent of pain she might experience, and she will be taught techniques to manage the pain. According to Janis and Johnson, which of the following is Judith likely to do?
Feel anxious and withdraw from the procedure. Ask for a substitute procedure that might involve lesser pain. Take a second opinion from another health care provider to verify the facts. Multiple Choice Question Which of the following statements best defines a theory? A combination of results from different studies that identify how strong the evidence is for a particular research finding.
A proposition made based on a researcher's belief that provides a starting point for further investigation. A creation of two or more conditions that differ from each other in exact and predetermined ways.
Garcia has recently completed a study of personality and physical health. He administered a questionnaire to college students that included a standardized optimism scale and a symptom checklist.
He found that participants with higher levels of optimism reported fewer physical symptoms.
A major disadvantage of a correlational study is that: it is not empirically testable. Rane has been researching on Type II diabetes among children and young adults. He found that overweight and obese children are more likely to develop Type II diabetes.
He also studied how these children react to, and manages the disease as they grow older. In this case, Dr. A researcher intervenes in the diet of one community and not in another, and over time looks at the difference in the rates of heart disease between the two communities.
Which of the following best describes a retrospective design? Yee has collected the medical records of thirty women who display symptoms of a chronic illness. She has identified factors in their records that have contributed to the development of their current illness. Which of the following is the primary concern for health psychologists?
Which of the following is made available to people with hypertension so that they can monitor their blood pressure successfully? The main function of a physical therapist is to: provide psycho-educational counselling to patients who suffer from chronic illnesses.
Reese works at the Real Life hospital. She specializes in nutrition sciences, and her primary duty is managing food and nutrition of patients suffering from cancer and diabetes mellitus. Which of the following is likely to be Reese's profession? Level: Applied Page 12 of 15 World Health Organization defined health as "a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
According to the humoral theory of illness, phlegm is associated with sadness.